When Hong Xiuquan converted to Christianity in 1843 and began preaching from village to village in southern China, little did he know that he had started a religious movement that, by 1850, would have more than thirty-thousand members.1 These members, who called themselves the “Society of God Worshippers,” consisted primarily of poor and disenfranchised Chinese peasants who suffered greatly from the oppression of the Manchu dynasty.2 It was their discontent with the Manchu, paired with a desire for better treatment through a new ruling class, that turned their originally religious movement into a political one. Led by Hong Xiuquan, who declared that the Manchu rulers of the Qing dynasty had wrongfully usurped China, tens of thousands of Society members grouped together in December 1850 in an attack against Qing forces.3 Easily outnumbering the imperial soldiers, the God Worshippers took their first military victory and captured a small town, one of many territories to be rendered to their army.4 Their military prowess led Hong Xiuquan to, in 1851, found the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and declare himself its “Heavenly King.”5 From 1850 to 1860, it seemed as if the Taiping army was unstoppable: they claimed province after province in some of the bloodiest battles in Chinese history. However, in July 1862, the Taipings were defeated at the Battle of Shanghai by Qing forces, who were assisted by the French and British. The Battle of Shanghai was a turning point in the Taiping rebellion and marked the beginning of the decline of the Heavenly Kingdom. It was also Hong’s first major defeat, and he did not take it well, spiraling into a state of hopelessness and depression that only was exacerbated in the years th...
... middle of paper ...
...next stage of his movement, calling for all the God Worshippers from across the districts in Guangxi Province to come together.
Over the next few days, tens of thousands of men and women assembled. All were eager to join Hong’s army, and many had even sold their houses and possessions in preparation. 18 On January 11, 1851, Hong led his army in an armed revolt against the Qing dynasty known as the Jintian uprising. Once again, the God Worshippers outnumbered the Qings and, with little effort, captured the town of Jintian (present-day Guiping). Relishing in his army’s first military victory, Hong established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Although he was not yet sure how his newfound kingdom was going to run, at the moment it did not matter: a “political regime had at last emerged from Hong’s messianic vision, a regime that claimed dominion over all the empire.”19
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Megan Yang History-Dr. K When Hong Xiuquan converted to Christianity in 1843 and began preaching from village to village in southern China, little did he know that he had started a religious movement that, by 1850, would have more than thirty-thousand members.1 These members, who called themselves the “Society of God Worshippers,” consisted primarily of poor and disenfranchised Chinese peasants who suffered greatly from the oppression of the Manchu dynasty.2 It was their discontent with the Manchu, paired with a desire for better treatment through a new ruling class, that turned their originally religious movement into a political one.... [tags: Heavenly Kingdom, Chinese History]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- Compare and contrast the ‘Indian Mutiny’ and the Taiping rebellion as indigenous reactions to globalization. The Indian Mutiny (1857-1858) and Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) were a result of Britain’s desire for a global empire. This desire is called globalization and is defined by John Darwin in his work as, “The growth of global connectedness.” With the help of new technologies and appealing goods, Britain was successful in connecting their world to the Asian world during the 19th Century. For a long time, the British wanted to move deeper into the India and China to improve their global influence.... [tags: Indigenous, Globalizations, Comparisons]
1572 words (4.5 pages)
- ... Instead, his efforts resided to himself and his families as its hereditary rulers tan to create a new society. 2. Tanzimat Reforms (1839-1876) The Tanzimat were a series of reforms in the Ottoman Empire that brought the culture, education, religion and society more in line with Europe and the United States and western ways. During these reforms, Chinese military was influenced by western uniforms, education was done in western systems, politics took on a western influence and society experienced westernization.... [tags: ottoman empire, trade, rebellion]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- The Taiping Movement as Just Another Traditional Rebellion A traditional rebellion of Chinese history refers to a rebellion out ofå‡ºæ–¼ peasant discontentä¸æ»¿ and of which the participantsåƒåŠ è€… were mostly peasants. It is aimedå¿—åœ¨ at overthrowingæŽ¨ç¿» the existing government but not the established orderæ—¢æœ‰ç§©åº. The Taiping Rebellion of 1850-64 was sometimes deemedè¢«è¦–ç‚º to be a peasant rebellion because the basic cause of the Rebellion was peasant discontent, and the participants were mostly peasants.... [tags: Papers]
1563 words (4.5 pages)
- In life there are many situations where rebellion is required for change and improvement. Some are simple, like growing up and learning not to do certain things and others are more complex like when a group of people stand up for what they believe, for example, women’s rights and black’s rights. I believe that rebellion is healthy for any growing society. There are many things that we do not agree with, whether it is the law or our parent’s instructions. By rebelling we can change our society and/or ourselves for better.... [tags: rebellion, teenagers,]
1253 words (3.6 pages)
- Tropicalia is not only know as a form of music in Brazil but as a rebellion. Its theme of cultural non conformity was strengthened by the idea that Brazil had lost its way. Tropicalia took a stand against the social and musical hierarchy of Brazil. Though mainly known as a form of Brazilian pop music Tropicalia is deeply rooted in the political and cultural background of Brazil. In 1967 Caetano Veloso felt that the Brazilian Popular Music after the appearance of Bossa Nova eight years prior had run out of energy and creativity.... [tags: Brazilian Music, Rebellion, Culture]
1308 words (3.7 pages)
- First Nations The significant societal, economical, and political changes of the First Nations tend to be overlapping and correlational. As political maintenance declines the economy declines, and as the economy declines society crumbles and quality of life declines. While issues in one area cause issues in others it becomes hard to separate what can be solved politically vs. societally. All issues, either with society or politics, cause damage to the First Nations economic situation creating gaping issues with society such as health issues, famine, sheltering, and education.... [tags: rebellion, poundmaker, first nations]
861 words (2.5 pages)
- The Stono Rebellion of 1739 in many ways can be classified as a mini American Revolution. Instead of Royalists versus Patriots, we have rebellious slaves versus just about everyone else. It’s hard to pinpoint the exact causes but through different accounts and documents we can deduce what or who may have caused the revolt. Based on my previous analysis, I suspected that Spanish influence was at fault but after discovering more accounts I believe it was a combination of outside influence along with lenient regulations that helped raise awareness from slaves.... [tags: Slavery in the United States, Slavery, Rebellion]
914 words (2.6 pages)
- This summary begins in Korea with the largest peasant rebellion of Korean history: The Tonghak Rebellion of 1894. The Tonghak movment was a new religion beginning in 1860 that opposed Western Culture and supported equality of all people. The Korean government was opposed this religion and tried to shut it down by executing the founder in 1866 but the movement secretly continued. By 1892 and 1893 supporters held great rallies protesting the government efforts to shut down the movement. In February 1894 the disorder stirred up again and spread swiftly.... [tags: largest peasant rebellion of Korean history]
571 words (1.6 pages)
- The Boxer Rebellion in China “China never wanted foreigners any more than foreigners wanted China men, and on this question I am with the Boxers every time. The Boxer is a patriot. He loves his country better than he does the countries of other people. I wish him success. The Boxer believes in driving us out of his country. I am a Boxer too, for I believe in driving him out of our country” – Mark Twain, Berkeley Lyceum, New York, Nov 23, 1900. The Boxer Rebellion soul purpose was to liberate China from foreign influence.... [tags: Boxer Rebellion Chinese History Essays]
1394 words (4 pages)