SLE is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease which means the body’s immune system fallaciously attacks healthy tissues and various organs, in this case, primarily the skin, joints, kidneys, and brain of both men and women (Teitel, A.D., 2013. Systemic Lupus Erythematous). Because SLE is an autoimmune disease the principal cause is unidentified (Teitel, A.D., 2013. Systemic Lupus Erythematous). SLE affects approximately 1.5 million people in the United States (Lupus Health Center, 2014). “SLE is often described as a disease of reproductive-age women, but this is mainly true in African-American, Hispanic and Asian populations, whereas in Caucasians the peak incidence is after the age of 50 years” (Ugarte-Gil, M. , & Alarcon, G., 2013). Although women of “reproductive-age” are affected by SLE, approximately 15-20% of all patients with SLE are children and adolescents (Shrestha, D., Dhakal, A., KC, S., Shakya, A., Shah, S., & Shakya, H., 2013).
Each person with SLE may experience various signs and symptoms that are more than likely intermittent, meaning they come and go. Although the signs and symptoms may be intermittent almost all patients suffering from SLE experience...
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Starkebaum, G.A., 2013. Rheumatoid factor (RF). http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003548.htm
Teitel, A.D. (2013). Systemic lupus erythematous.
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Ugarte-Gil, M., & Alarcon, G., (2013). Is there an effective treatment for late-onset
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