System Development Life Cycle Essay

System Development Life Cycle Essay

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Computer system plays an important role in solving human problem in their daily life. There are standard steps in order to develop information system called System Development Life Cycle (SDLC). SDLC is the framework available to build a complete system. There are five phases in SDLC which are planning, analysis, design, coding, testing and maintenance (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
The first phase in SDLC is planning. In this phase, the potential system development project is identified. Project manager summarizes all strength and weakness that possible to occur using their professional skills (Hoffer, George, & Valacich, 2008). Next, business plan is defined and documented by project manager in a formal format. According to Burch (1992), business plan must be clear and development of the system must follow the business objective. During this phase, project is selected which decided based on stakeholder meeting with project manager. After that the selected project is initiates. “During initiation, one or more analysts are assigned to work with customer to establish work standards and communication procedure” (Hoffer, George, & Valacich, 2012, p. 116). In this step, lots of information is gained to support project planning by determined project scope and identify project activities which get from ongoing meetings with the clients. Finally, before proceed to the next phase; Baseline Project Plan (BPP) and Project Scope Statement (PSS) are documented based on information gained from previous activities which tells all about the system (Hoffer, George, & Valacich, 2012).
The second phase in SDLC is analysis. Analysis is carried out to “gather information on what the system should do from as many resources as possible” (Hoffer, ...

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... New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education Inc.
Hoffer, J. A., George, J. F., & Valacich, J. S. (2012). Essential of systems analysis & design (5th ed.). New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education Inc.
Justin (2013). What is the software development life cycle?. Retrieved from
Massey, V., & Satao, K. J. (2012). Evolving a new software development life cycle model (SDLC) incorporated with release management. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), 1(4), 25.
Reddy, G. C. (n.d.). SDLC (System Development Life Cycle). Retrieved from cycle.html#.Up3W2dIW2AY.
Weitzel, J. R., & Kerschberg, L. (1989). Developing knowledge-based systems: reorganizing the system development life cycle. Communications of the ACM, 32(4), 482-488.

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