Symtomps and Causes of Bacillus Anthracis Essay

Symtomps and Causes of Bacillus Anthracis Essay

Length: 1014 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) is a bacterium that infects organisms through sporulation. Bacillus anthracis can be aerobic (needs oxygen) or, facultative anaerobic (does not require oxygen). It is also a gram positive bacterium that can be found in the soil of humid and damp climates (Hicks, 2012). The bacterium is part of the species Bacillus Cereus (Koehler, 2009). It is known to infect life forms four different ways. Infection can be caused through digestion, eating food that is contaminated with the bacteria. Another way is through inhaling; which occurs through breathing in the spores. The third way of becoming infected is through the skin, known as cutaneous; this infection occurs through open wounds. The newest form discovered of infection is through injection; the use of needles (Hicks, 2012). Though, it is not common to be found in wealthy countries; there have been numerous outbreaks in Europe and the United States. It is also being considered for bioterrorism (Sweeney, 2011). Symptoms of the early stages of anthrax can be misunderstood for less lethal conditions (Hicks, 2012). For patients with a possible anthrax infection can be determined by gram positive staining. It can also be diagnosed by confirmatory testing, such as PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) (Sweeney, 2011). PCR focuses on certain DNA strands for replication and identifying what the organism is (Genetic, 2014). Anthrax toxin antagonists can be considered for healing; but antibiotic therapy is the most common use of treatment (Sweeney, 2011).
Bacillus anthracis is a non-motile elongated rod-shaped bacterium that will generate dormant spores with or without oxygen. When the spores are exposed to high levels of carbon dioxide and warmth they adjust into a rod...


... middle of paper ...


... http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3523299/
Koehler, T. M. (2009, December). Bacillus anthracis Physiology and Genetics. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2784286/
Lowe, D. E., & Glomski, I. J. (2012, June 1). Frontiers | Cellular and Physiological Effects of Anthrax Exotoxin and Its Relevance to Disease | Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fcimb.2012.00076/full
Sweeney, D. A., Hicks, C. W., Cui, X., Li, Y., & Eichacker, P. Q. (2011, December 15). Anthrax Infection. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3361358/
Tonello, F., & Zornetta, I. (2012, 10). Bacillus anthracis Factors for Phagosomal Escape. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3407891/

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Symptoms and Modes of Infection of Bacillus Anthracis

- Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) is a bacterium that infects organisms through sporulation. Bacillus anthracis is can be aerobic (needs oxygen) or, facultative anaerobic (does not require oxygen). It is also a gram positive bacterium that can be found in the soil of humid and damp climates (Hicks, 2012). The bacterium is part of the species Bacillus Cereus (Koehler, 2009). It is known to infect life forms four different ways. Infection can be caused through digestion, eating food that is contaminated with the bacteria....   [tags: anthrax, bacteria, injections]

Better Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

Bacillus Anthracis and Biological Warfare Essay

- Bacillus Anthracis and Biological Warfare Bacillus anthracis is a rod-shaped, nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacterium that can be transmitted from herbivoric animals to humans (Figure 1). Before an animal’s death, its orifices exude blood containing huge quantities of the bacterium. Anthrax forms extremely resilient spores upon exposure to atmospheric conditions. Because of this spore-producing ability, even after the animal host dies the germs can sporulate again, persisting in the soil for up to several decades (1)....   [tags: Germs Infections Warfare Essays]

Better Essays
3916 words (11.2 pages)

Bacillus Anthracis Essay

- Bacillus Anthracis Background: Bacillus anthracis is a gram-positive spore-forming rod. It was the first bacterium to be used to prove that bacteria caused diseases, when Robert Koch (1877) produced anthrax spores and injected them into animals. Bacillus anthracis is a commonly found in soil of grazing areas. Bacillus anthracis is not a major threat to humans and natural cases are rare even where spores are present. Encounter: Bacillus anthracis is commonly found in soil in low amounts. It affects livestock and can be transmitted to humans through improper handing of an infected animal or by eating undercooked meat from the animal....   [tags: Medical Biology Bacteria Essays]

Free Essays
737 words (2.1 pages)

Anthrax (Bacillus Anthracis) Essay

- Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium. The most common victims of anthrax are warm-blooded animals, but it can also infect humans. Anthrax spores can be produced in a powdery form for biological warfare. When inhaled by humans, these particles cause respiratory failure and death within a week. Because anthrax is considered to be a potential agent for use in biological warfare, the Department of Defense (DOD), in 1998, announced it would begin a systematic vaccination of all U.S....   [tags: Research Papers]

Better Essays
2559 words (7.3 pages)

Report on Anthrax Essay

- Anthrax is a living organism in the genus Bacillus and its species name is anthracis. This specific bacterium is gram-positive which means that it has a thick, protective peptidoglycan coating. It is also rod-shaped and only a few micrometers in length. It is also one of the few bacteria to synthesize a protein capsule. Like other species in the genus Bacillus, it can form and release endospores, commonly known as spores. These spores are able to survive in extremely harsh conditions and can survive for years and even decades dormant in the soil....   [tags: Living Organism, Bacillus, Species, Anthracis]

Better Essays
1294 words (3.7 pages)

The Stolen Bacillus by H.G. Wells Essay

- The Stolen Bacillus by H.G. Wells This is a story set in the 19th century people had dress codes which reflected your status in society. The dress code was formal and quite severe it was almost as if the longer your top hat the higher up the rank you are in importance in society. In this story we meet a man who wants to help the society and quality of living whereas the other wants to destroy order as he is what’s known as an anarchist. This is someone who is feels that people should be responsible for there own actions and decisions meaning they govern their own lives....   [tags: Stolen Bacillus Wells Essays]

Better Essays
819 words (2.3 pages)

Anthrax: A Threatening Disease for All Essay

- The pathogenic bacterium, Bacillus anthracis, is the causative agent of the debilitating disease Anthrax (6). This essay will discuss the threat that the disease poses on society, the prevention of anthrax on a large scale, and the current treatment options of those infected. B. anthracis is a gram-positive sporative bacterium that have been found on every continent including Antarctica and can survive in its spore state for decades (6). It is mostly found naturally in domestic lower vertebrates like cattle, sheep, goats, and camels, but it can also occur in humans who are exposed to infected animal tissue, contaminated food, or infected soil (1)(11)....   [tags: bacilus anthracis, treatment, prevention]

Better Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Food Poisening and Regulation of Petrobactin Genes in Bacillus

- Bacillus is a genus of gram-positive bacteria. It is a heat resistant endospore commonly found in food and water. There are many groups of Bacillus but the group important to this study is the Bacillus cereus group which includes Bacillus cereus, Bacillus anthracis, and Bacillus thuringenesis. B. cereus is closely linked with two types of food poisoning. One that causes nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps and the other the causes abdominal cramps and diarrhea. B. cereus food poisoning can occur at any time and at any place....   [tags: vomiting, cooking process, e coli]

Free Essays
526 words (1.5 pages)

Plague - Bacillus Yersinia Pestis Essay

- Identification and Prevention of What Makes Life “Nasty, Brutish, and Short” Plague is caused by the bacterium bacillus Yersinia pestis, and is carried by rodents, fleas, and mammals. Plague takes three forms: bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. Bubonic plague affects the lymph glands, while the pneumonic and septicemic forms affect the lungs and the blood. Today, plague can be prevented by antibiotics and strict public health measures. Three methods of controlling carriers involve sanitizing the environment, educating the public on how to prevent exposure, and using prophylactic antibiotics....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease Plague]

Better Essays
1350 words (3.9 pages)

System Failure Causes Homelessness Essay

- Everyone has gone without something at some point in their lives. Maybe new clothes, cell phone, cable TV, but how many have gone without a place that they can call home. It was estimated that during 2009 on any given night there was 664,414 people staying in a shelter somewhere in the United States (Khadduri & Culhane, 2010a). Through 2009, 1.56million different people were recorded to have used an emergency housing shelter (Khadduri& Culhane, 2010a). These numbers do not account for those who did not use emergency housing shelters, but were defined as homeless....   [tags: causes of homelessness]

Better Essays
2396 words (6.8 pages)