Symptoms And Treatments Of Treating Schizophrenia Essay

Symptoms And Treatments Of Treating Schizophrenia Essay

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Treating schizophrenia makes use of certain antipsychotic medications that target the neurological factors mentioned earlier, but additional treatments target the psychological component of the disorder as a result of positive and negative symptoms. The treatments that will be looked at in case studies containing adults with schizophrenia include medications and cognitive behavior therapy. Traditional antipsychotic called thorazine is used to treat patients with symptoms of schizophrenia. Recently, atypical antipsychotics also referred to a sa second generation antipsychotics like Risperdal, Zyprexa etc affect dopamine and reduce the likelihood of relapse during treatment. Lower rates of acute extrapyramidal side effects are associated with second generation antipsychotics, compared to first-generation antipsychotics. In long-term studies, first-generation antipsychotics have been associated with an incidence of tardive dyskinesia of approximately 5% per year in adults (Correll et al, 2004) In a systematic review of studies involving open or controlled treatment for more than a year with any second-generation antipsychotic, it was hypothesized that the antipsychotic cause less tardive dyskinesia. Tardive dyskinesia is a side effect associated with the intake of antipsychotic medication by schizophrenics that could cause involuntary lip smacking, uncontrollable facial contortions, and any other movement related activities. (Correll et al, 2004) Five studies (44, 46, 47, 51, 52) included predominantly young and middle-aged adults with mean age=37.1 years.
The design for this study was carried out in ≥1-year double-blind extension of three
6-week double-blind, randomized trial with the inclusion criteria being patients with schiz...


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...ost of his symptoms but it did not entirely erase their presence in his daily life. The results of the case study showed that “two of the four patients achieved significant
reductions in frequency of voices, the distress and disability associated with the voices and conviction in the belief that their voices were real (indeed, one of the patients was free of voices for the last four weeks of therapy and at all follow-up).” (Morrison, 2001) Although this case study on the four patients proved cognitive therapy to be effective as an alternative for medication, it is fair to conclude that with such a small number of patients the results may not be very reliable to look at improvement of the patients. Overall, treating schizophrenia cannot be boiled down to one specific type of treatment because no individual factor leads to the increased rates of the disorder in adults.

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