Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease Varicella Essay

Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease Varicella Essay

Length: 1058 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The disease Varicella is a very transmittable disease, as the varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes it. Varicella attacks the human’s nervous system and debilitates it. Like many viruses, VZV, enters the body through airborne viral particles from another infected person. “The new host breathes in the virus, which enters the mucous membrane in a person’s respiratory tract and begins to spread without its envelope from cell to cell” (Dougherty, 2002). Every virus has a specific cell it adheres to and attacks in order to invade the human system, VZV, attacks T cells. “The virus invades T-cells of the blood and those T-cells carry the virus to the skin. There, the virus can recreate its envelope because the top layer of the skin lacks the endosomal pathway that removes glycoproteins from the envelope” (Dougherty, 2002). “After infection, the virus remains dormant/latent in sensory dorsal root ganglia. Reactivation of latent VZV is associated with cutaneous disease occurring in dermatomes, termed herpes zoster (HZ) resulting in shingles or zoster” (Bloch, 2012). Once Varicella enters the human body is goes into a latent cycle then later reactivates and is shown through out the body and “chickenpox” or shingles. Children or adults who have immunodeficiency disorders do not prevent common infectious diseases. Varicella is a common infectious disease; patients with immunodeficiency disorders resist the vaccine treatment of varicella and it attacks their whole immune system. “Patients who have immunodeficiency disorders rely on immunoglobulin prophylaxis to prevent common infectious diseases. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) products are prepared from pools of plasma collected from a large number of healthy donors and, therefore, contain ...

... middle of paper ...

...ter vaccination. The more sensitive purified glycoprotein ELISA (gpELISA) or fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen (FAMA) tests have been used in research settings to detect seroconversion after vaccination.” (Clinical Overview, 2016). Another way to test for the specimens is the IgG avidity, IgG avidity has been used in research settings to determine if a person who is IgG positive for VZV was infected with the virus in the past or more recently. Avidity testing can be used to determine if the most recent VZV rash was due to primary infection (varicella) or reactivation (herpes zoster). People infected in the past tend to have antibodies with high affinity for binding to the antigen compared with people with a more recent infection who have a low affinity. As a result, low avidity is an indicator for VZV primary infection (Clinical Overview, 2016).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Symptoms And Treatments Of Children With Hiv / Aids Essay

- medications to stimulate appetite, medications to control diarrhea and hormonal therapy to build muscle. There’s several skin viruses that affect the body of older and elderly with HIV. The skin viruses make it difficult for older and elderly adults with HIV/AIDS to adjust to their body change. According to UCLA Health, varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an infection this infection is called herpes virus that contribute to chickenpox (varicella) and shingles (herpes zoster). This virus has already been experiencing by most adults with or without HIV/AIDS....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Immunodeficiency]

Better Essays
932 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Disease History: Rubella or German Measles

- Rubella also commonly referred to as “German Measles” was previously believed to be a variation of measles until 1814 when it was first correctly indicated as a separate disease in German medical literature. Although the the rubella rash presents similar to the rash associated with measles, rubella is less severe and infectious. Rubella is distinguished by a red rash that first presents on the face and spreads to the trunk, arms, and legs and disappears in the same progression. The rash looks similar to many other viral rashes and must be confirmed by blood tests for the presence of rubella antibodies....   [tags: rash, congenital rubella syndrome]

Better Essays
1180 words (3.4 pages)

Factors, Symptoms and Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease Essay

- Alzheimer Disease 1 Alzheimer Disease Introduction This research paper will examine factors, signs of symptoms, treatment, when to visit a doctor and how to care for a love one with Alzheimer disease. In the early stages of the disease, scientists have estimated that 500,000 people in their 30’s, 40’s and 50’s that have Alzheimer disease or a related dementia. Younger individuals may have problems with memory, thinking and concentration....   [tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays]

Better Essays
940 words (2.7 pages)

Parkinson 's Disease : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

- Parkinson 's disease is a chronic progressive neurological disorder in which cells are slowly lost in the brain over the years. The fact that cells are lost makes it a neurodegenerative disorder fitting in the same category as Alzheimer disease. A person with Parkinson’s disease can also experience a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms, including depression, constipation, problems sleeping (insomnia), loss of sense of smell (anosmia) and memory problems. () The three main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are: - Tremor (involuntary shaking of particular parts of the body) - Slow movement (Bradykinesia) - Stiff and inflexible muscles () Parkinson 's disease usually develops late...   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Carbidopa]

Better Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on History, Symptoms, and Treatment of Celiac Disease

- “Celiac disease is a lifelong inherited autoimmune condition affecting children and adults” (Celiac Disease Foundation). An autoimmune condition causes a person’s immune system to produce antibodies against their own tissues. This is a genetic autoimmune condition that is passed down by a person's mother or father. Celiac disease has to be inherited, it cannot be caught from another person. In order to better understand Celiac disease, resources should be used to fund research, researchers should focus more on the effects of the disease, and more should be done to educate the public about the disease....   [tags: Autoimmune Condition, Disease, Research]

Better Essays
1326 words (3.8 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Alzheimer 's Disease Essay

- “No cure” is two words that cause worry and stress faster than any other two words put together. Over 100 years ago, German physician Alois Alzheimer did an analysis of the brain of a dementia patient. This analysis and study later became known as Alzeimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease that becomes more severe with time and is expected to affect 100 million worldwide by 2050. There is no cure. With Alzheimer’s disease, brain cells lose their structural support, causing cells to degenerate and die....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Memory, Neurology, Brain]

Better Essays
1537 words (4.4 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Alzheimer 's Disease Essay

- As we age our bodies begin to break down, but occasionally an abnormal breakdown occurs. In 1906 a German physician named Alois Alzheimer had a haunting case that had never been seen before. His patient, Auguste D. had a profound memory loss and a worsening physiological state. She had trouble recognizing her own family members and where she was at. Once she passed away during the autopsy he found considerable shrinking and deposits around nerve cells. This would soon be known as Alzheimer’s, a neurodegenerative disorder where the body destroys it’s own brain and nerve cells....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Neurology, Memory]

Better Essays
1106 words (3.2 pages)

Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Parkinson 's Disease Essays

- This research depicts the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Parkinson’s disease in older patients. Parkinson 's disease is a chronic disorder that causes a progressive loss of nerve cell function in the part of the brain that controls muscle movement—is an incurable neurological condition with debilitating symptoms. Treatment for younger patients include dopamine agonist drugs that mimic dopamine to stimulate dopamine system in the brain. For older patients, treatment is focused is on providing adequate symptomatic benefit in the near term with as few adverse effects as possible....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Neurology]

Better Essays
1110 words (3.2 pages)

The 's Symptoms And Treatment Of Parkinson 's Disease Essay

- Environmental triggers. Exposure to certain toxic substances or environmental factors may increase the rate of developing Parkinson 's disease, but the risk is relatively small. For example, in the 1980s, a couple of recreational drug users in California developed Parkinson 's-like symptoms after taking heroin contaminated with a chemical called MPTP. Treatment Currently, there is no exact ways to cure Parkinson’s disease. Fortunately, there is a large number of treatments that aimed to relieve the Parkinson’s symptoms and maintain the normal life of the people who got Parkinson....   [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Neurotransmitter]

Better Essays
1453 words (4.2 pages)

Varicella –Zoster Virus Essay

- Varicella –Zoster Virus (VZV) is a ubiquitous, double standard DNA virus that belongs to the herpes virus group. Like other herpes viruses, VZV may persist in the body after primary infection .VZV is a virus exists across the globe having a high prevalence in temperate climates. It also has a high prevalence in seasons of late winter and early spring. The primary infection results in Varicella (chicken pox) whereas recurrent infection causes herpes zoster (shingles). The virus is approximately 150 to 200 nanometer in size, is the smallest of the known viruses causing herpes and lacks genes for several proteins found in HSV, which is the prototype of the alpha herpes viruses, such as glycopro...   [tags: Health, Diseases, Chickenpox]

Better Essays
785 words (2.2 pages)