Essay on Symptoms And Treatment Of Patients With Schizophrenia

Essay on Symptoms And Treatment Of Patients With Schizophrenia

Length: 1102 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Paraphrase
25-30% of patients with schizophrenia report suffering auditory verbal hallucination which are resistant to antipsychotic medications, further impacting functioning and behaviour control. Previous studies implementing repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) support the use of non-invasive neurostimulation methods to reduce hallucination severity. However, inconsistent results of these studies contributed to the reintroduction of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). This neurostimulation technique has seen increased use as a neurological and psychiatric treatment, with the possibility to measure cortical excitability by increasing tissue activity around the anodal electrode and inhibit activity near the cathodal electrode.
Incorporating information from past literature, this study sought to assess the effectiveness of tDCS as a potential treatment for schizophrenic patients with resistant auditory verbal hallucinations, while also observing if results could be obtained for other symptoms. In placing the cathode on the left temporal-parietal junction (side of the head) and anode on the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (front, top of head – hypoactivity in this region linked to negative schizophrenia symptoms), researchers believed stimulation could reduce hallucination severity and perhaps other symptoms. 30 schizophrenia patients (experiencing medication resistant hallucinations) were included, maintaining their usual medication regime during the course of the three month, double-blind study (patients and investigators were unaware of treatment group). Patients were randomised into two treatment groups (active tDCS stimulation – 2mA stimulation for 20 minutes, twice daily for five consecutive days; ...


... middle of paper ...


...tion or how neurotransmitters affect the disease and treatment. Finally, this study focused on an isolated symptom, raising questions of why treatment varies for different symptoms and affecting the use of the treatment as “working” for schizophrenia (George et al. 2009,p.18).
Despite limitations, significant findings were revealed from the results, in line with past literature (George et al. 2009). The study proved the effectiveness of tDCS in reducing hallucinations and negative symptoms, while also opening opportunities to further explore effects on other symptoms. In showing a medium effect for positive and depressive symptoms, this shows researchers are close to finding a solution for stimulation to be effective on these symptoms, and encourages more research to fine-tune exact stimulation locations to increase benefits of tDCS on other schizophrenia symptoms.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay

- While there is no cure for schizophrenia, symptoms can be managed with the following treatments: antipsychotic medications, psychosocial treatment or therapy, patient and family education and support and counseling from licensed health-care providers. There are many antipsychotic medications available today that can be given in the form of pills, liquids or injections. They are the foundation in the management of schizophrenia and have been available since the mid 1950s. Schizophrenia is unable to be cured but the treatments greatly reduce the symptoms, allowing the patient to function better and have a better quality of life....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Health care provider]

Better Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is a chronic neurological disorder that causes people to interpret reality abnormally. “Accurately described as a psychosis - a type of illness that causes severe mental disturbances that disrupt normal thoughts, speech, and behavior” (Brain &Behavior Research Foundation).According to the Brain and Behavior Foundation Schizophrenia is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental disorders. This disorder also affects men and women equally and usually affects them between 16-30 years old, after 45 the chance of getting schizophrenia is very unlikely....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1302 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Bernstein (1) states that schizophrenia strikes around 2 million people yearly in America. Schizophrenia is a disease involving the brain that cripples the brain, rendering it chronically and severely disabled. Schizophrenia causes people to suffer horrifying symptoms. Some of these symptoms include things such as people reading their minds, hearing voices inside of them, people trying to harm them, or even people trying to control their thoughts. Usually, most of these symptoms leave a person with schizophrenia feeling somewhat withdrawn and frightened....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
1676 words (4.8 pages)

Schizophreni Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay

- Schizophrenia The medical definition for schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in the combinations of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior. The word schizophrenia has not been around for long, it is actually less than 100 years old. This disease, however, was first discovered by a doctor named Emil Kraepelin in 1887. Before schizophrenia adopted its name, Kraepelin called this disease dementia praecox....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1621 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Schizophrenia is one of many mental illnesses that are very hard to understand. It is said that there is more known information on cancer than there is on schizophrenia. Like many other mental illnesses, it is hard to know exactly what factor causes it and what treatment will help relieve the symptoms. Schizophrenia is a disease that is caused by different determinants and has a large number of signs and symptom, but there are ways to treat it. Experts think schizophrenia is caused by many factors....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
716 words (2 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- symptom is loss of an individual’s appetite, which can lead to other health issues as well as being a sign of Schizophrenia. The major indicator is withdrawal from society, not wanting to go out with friends, locking themselves in their house or room. “This is followed by increased levels of emotional distress or disturbance, and finally by psychotic symptoms” (Saxton, 2013) (pg.31). An individual may suffer relapses with the onset of Schizophrenia. “Schizophrenia occurs in all societies regardless of class, color, religion, culture - however there are some variations in terms of incidence and outcomes for different groups of people” (Schizophrenia.com, 1996)....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Suicide]

Better Essays
1331 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- Abstract Schizophrenia is a disabling disease in which those affected experience altered thoughts, perceptions, emotions, and behaviors. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that has major consequences for affected individuals, their families, and society. Patients diagnosed with this disease may show a wide range of disruptions in their ability to see, hear, and process information from the world around them. They may also experience disruptions in their normal thought processes, as well as their emotions and their behaviors....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hallucination]

Better Essays
3391 words (9.7 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay example

- “This food tastes funny. I bet it has been poisoned by an alien; therefore, I must not eat.” This quote is an example of a thought that passes through a schizophrenic’s mind, along with many, many other crazy thoughts everyday. Schizophrenia is a devastating disorder with disastrous causes, tragic effects, and has few treatment options. To overcome schizophrenia, schizophrenics need to have mental control over their entire lives. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects almost all of the five senses, but most commonly, it manifests as auditory hallucination, paranoid or bizarre delusions, disorganized thinking and speech, and social dysfunction....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1602 words (4.6 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay

- Schizophrenia Schizophrenia, “a psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior —called also dementia praecox.” (Merrian-Webster). In the early years mental illness was believed to be caused by possession of demons. People with mental disorders were feared, tormented, and on many occasions locked away from society forever....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Delusional disorder, Psychosis]

Better Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia

- When I first met Jane, for the purposes of this paper I have changed her name, I was working nights as a nurse tech in a hospital. Jane didn’t mean to come to the hospital; she had been there time and time again seeking treatment for the same ailment. This time it was five C batteries that she had swallowed and the doctors had to surgically remove. If you asked Jane why she did it she would tell you the voices in her head told her to; they always told her to swallow objects around her apartment....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Dopamine, Brain, Psychology]

Better Essays
1165 words (3.3 pages)