Symptoms And Treatment Of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

Symptoms And Treatment Of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

Length: 1760 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a common neurological condition that has been present throughout the world for many years, yet there is still a lot of information about this disease that is unknown. There is currently no absolute cause of MS, which presents a challenge to discover a cure as well. However, there are many treatments, including physical therapy, available to help manage the symptoms of this disease.
MS is a disease that is characterized by the demyelination of axons throughout the central nervous system. This demyelination is thought to be caused by a T-cell mediated inflammatory condition1. This condition leads to an overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines, which causes glutamate to be released. The glutamate leads to an influx of calcium, which causes toxic damage to the myelin that surrounds the nerve axons1. Once the axons are demyelinated, scar tissue called plaques, or sclerosis, are formed, leading to a decreased nerve conduction. The brain tissue is also affected in this process and atrophies as the condition progresses1.
Patients with MS often have variable symptoms, depending on the areas of the brain and spinal cord that are affected. The first symptom that usually occurs is optic neuritis, or inflammation of the optic nerve. This occurs due to the demyelination of the optic nerve, which can lead to a painful decrease or loss of vision, usually only affecting one eye1. The most common symptom for patients with MS is fatigue. This is often the result of deconditioning and lack of endurance, which are results of decreased neuromuscular input from the demyelinated axons1. Fatigue can be considered in multiple aspects, including motor weakness, mental fatigue, and sleepiness. Because fatigue often has a gre...


... middle of paper ...


...5-494c-92f2-95959b7c6781. January 12, 2015. Accessed August 2015.

3. What is MS? . National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Available at: http://www.nationalmssociety.org/. Accessed August 2015.

4. Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. Cleveland Clinic. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/neurological_institute/mellen-center-multiple-sclerosis/diseases-conditions/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis. Accessed August 2015.

5. Multiple sclerosis. Mayo Clinic. 2014. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/basics/definition/con-20026689. July 12, 2014 Accessed August 2015.

6. Kargarfard, M, Etemadifar, M, Baker, P, Mehrabi, M, Hayatbakhsh, R. Effect of Aquatic Exercise Training on Fatigue and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2012;93:1701–1708.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Symptoms And Treatment Of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a common neurological condition that has been present throughout the world for many years, yet there is still a lot of information about this disease that is unknown. There is currently no absolute cause of MS, which presents a challenge to discover a cure as well. However, there are many treatments, including physical therapy, available to help manage the symptoms of this disease. MS is a disease that is characterized by the demyelination of axons throughout the central nervous system....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Brain]

Strong Essays
1760 words (5 pages)

Multiple Sclerosis Implications And Treatment Essay

- Steeno Burris HPE 110-A Multiple Sclerosis Implications and Treatment In the US, the number of people with Multiple Sclerosis is estimated to be about 400,000, with approximately 10,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Sclerosis is defined as “a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.” Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the Central Nervous System. With an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissue and organs....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Symptoms]

Strong Essays
1799 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Understanding Multiple Sclerosis

- Introduction Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that majorly affects the brainand the spinal cord (A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, 1). The disease affects the central nervous system and thus causes limitations of individuals to carry out various activities. In multiple sclerosis, the myelin sheath that covers nerve cell axon is destroyed causing inflammation (MediResource Inc., 1). Destructionof the membrane leads to slowed conveyance of signals from the spinal cord to the brain, which as a result leads to reduced response to different stimuli....   [tags: Multiple Sclerosis Research Paper]

Strong Essays
2341 words (6.7 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Options For Slowing Disease Progression And Economic Burden Associated With The Management Of The Disease

- This chapter discusses Multiple sclerosis in details, treatment options that help in slowing disease progression and economic burden associated with the management of the disease from the Saudi healthcare perspective. The chapter also provides the goal and the objectives of the study. I. Background 1. Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS); it is characterized by demyelination of axons in the brain and spinal cord, with axonal damage or destruction....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system]

Strong Essays
1160 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Multiple Sclerosis : An Autoimmune Disease

- Multiple sclerosis, also known as MS, is one of the humankind’s most mysterious diseases. Multiple sclerosis has the ability to affect nearly 3 million people worldwide. This disease tends to be more common in individuals of northern European descent and women are more than twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis as men are. Of those 3 million people, most of them are between the ages of 20 and 50 years old. Even though multiple sclerosis is a mystery disease, scientists are working to determine the exact cause and treatment....   [tags: Neuron, Action potential, Multiple sclerosis]

Strong Essays
1509 words (4.3 pages)

Pathophysiology Of Multiple Sclerosis ( Ms ) Essay

- Multiple Sclerosis Pathophysiology Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most prevalent disabling neurological disease affecting young adults between 20 and 40 years of age. Although it is more common among people in this age bracket, this does not mean that other age brackets are immune to it. It is an inflammatory condition affecting the myelin sheath. This is a membrane that covers nerve fibers. The condition is also known to attack and damage the nerve cell bodies. These cells are normally located in the brain’s gray matter....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Neuron, Axon]

Strong Essays
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Multiple Sclerosis And Its Effects On The Body Essay

- Multiple sclerosis was first discovered in 1868 by a neurologist by the name of Jean Martin- Charcot. Multiple sclerosis receives its name from the distinctive areas of scar tissue with the formation of damaged myelin sheaths. Multiple Sclerosis is referred to as an immune- mediated response that targets the central nervous system, including the spinal cord, the brain, and other parts of the body. The central nervous system is usually targeted by an abnormal response to the human body’s immune system causing an attack on the myelin coated fibers around nerve fibers....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Neuron, Brain]

Strong Essays
960 words (2.7 pages)

Essay Multiple Sclerosis And Its Effects On The Body

- At Ingles house, almost half of the population is suffering from Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis is an unpredictable, most often times disabling, disease of the central nervous system that messes up the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and the body. With this disease, the immune system incorrectly attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers a person’s neurons. Myelin damage disrupts communication between the neurons the brain, and in turn between the brain and the rest of the body....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Brain, Neuron]

Strong Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Interferon Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Multiple sclerosis is a progressive disease affecting the central nervous sytem, causing various forms of sensory and motor disturbances. It is a long term condition, in which symptoms can wax and wane. Relapses are common and progression of the disease may result in various complications. Interferon treatment may help slow the progression of multiple sclerosis and prolong intervals between relapses. What is Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks the myelin covering of its nerves and brain tissue....   [tags: disease, central nervous system]

Strong Essays
953 words (2.7 pages)

Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Most illnesses are unexpected and can lead to life changes. A chronic illness can lead to a life altering illness. While some chronic illnesses can be cured in a few weeks or months many last a lifetime. Chronic illnesses typically have a significant impact on clients, like treatments, coping, and dealing with possible side effects. When the chronic illness progresses to death then the illness would be life altering. According to webmd.com Multiple Sclerosis or MS is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation....   [tags: Chronic Illness, Treatment of Patient]

Strong Essays
1991 words (5.7 pages)