Symptoms And Treatment Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Essay

Symptoms And Treatment Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Essay

Length: 1190 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

(Slide 2) What is Cardiomyopathy? If we break down the word we can see “Cardio” which means of the heart, “myo” which means muscle, and “pathy” which means disease, therefore cardiomyopathies are diseases of the heart muscle. (Slide 3) There are 3 main types of cardiomyopathies; hypertrophic, dilated, and restrictive. I will only be discussing dilated cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by the enlargement of the hearts chambers with impaired systolic function. It is estimated that as many as 1 of 500 adults may have this condition. Dilated cardiomyopathy is more common in blacks than in whites and in males than in females. It is the most common form of cardiomyopathy in children and it can occur at any age (CDC).
(Slide 4) With dilated cardiomyopathy the heart muscle begins to dilate, meaning it stretches and becomes thinner. Most often the disease starts in the left ventricle, and then often spreads to both the atrium and right ventricle as well. Usually there will also be mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, due to the dilation of the annuli. This regurgitation will continue to make problems worse by adding excessive volume and pressure to the atria, which is what then causes them to dilate. Once the atria become dilated it often leads to atrial fibrillation. As the volume load increases the ventricles become more dilated and over time the myocytes become weakened and cannot contract as they should. As you might have guessed with the progressive myocyte degeneration, there is a reduction in cardiac output which then may present as signs of heart failure (Lily).
(Slide 5) Dilated cardiomyopathies results from a wide spectrum of genetic, inflammatory, toxic, and metabolic causes. However, at least 750,...


... middle of paper ...


...ation, and poor circulatory flow. Cardiac transplantation is another treatment option but heart donors are very limited (Lily).
Dilated cardiomyopathy accounts for approximately 15% of heart failure cases in the under 75s (“Chronic Heart Failure”). Patients with Dilated cardiomyopathy are usually unaware of the disease until they experience the signs and symptoms of heart failure or they develop an arrhythmia.
In conclusion it is important to remember that dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common form of cardiomyopathy. There are a variety of acknowledged triggers but often the cause of the dilated cardiomyopathy is unknown. Early identification of the disease aids in proper medical care and may help prevent disease progression. If the disease is allowed to progress without intervention the heart will eventually fail leading to sudden cardiac death. (Slide 10)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay Dilated Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment

- Dilated Cardiomyopathy What is dilated cardiomyopathy. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a form of heart disease in which the heart’s main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, stretches and thins (dilates) and can’t pump blood as well as a healthy heart. Dilated, meaning enlarged, cardio, meaning heart, myo, meaning muscle, and pathy, meaning disease. So, this directly means that it’s a disease of the heart muscle. There are multiple types of cardiomyopathy, such as idiopathic, hypertrophic, restrictive, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Hypertension, Ventricle]

Better Essays
1264 words (3.6 pages)

Cardiomyopathy : A Disease Of The Heat Muscle Essay

- Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heat muscle and has many different types. Dilated, Hypertrophic, and Restrictive are the three main types of cardiomyopathy. Each of these types have different causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle can become enlarge, thick, or rigid, and in some rare incidents the muscle tissue can become replaced with scar tissue. As the condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and less able to pump blood throughout the body. The heart will also become unable to maintain a normal electrical rhythm....   [tags: Heart, Cardiology, Blood, Cardiomyopathy]

Better Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

Cardiomyopathy : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

- Cardiomyopathy, by definition, means the weakening of the heart muscle. The heart is operated by a striated muscle that relies on the autonomic nervous system to function. Cardiomyopathy is diagnosed in four different ways based on what caused the illness and exactly what part of the heart is weakened. The four main types of cardiomyopathy are dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. One other category of cardiomyopathy that is diagnosed is “unclassified cardiomyopathy.” Unclassified cardiomyopathy is the weakening of the heart that does not fit into the main four categories....   [tags: Heart, Cardiology, Myocardial infarction, Blood]

Better Essays
1712 words (4.9 pages)

Symptoms and Dignosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Essay

- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM), big word and sounds scary, but it isn’t as scary as you might think. This disease affects the myocardium (middle layer of the heart that helps it contract) by becoming abnormally thick and this doesn’t allow the heart to pump normally. Some people go undiagnosed for quite some time since there are little to no symptoms, some however have shortness of breath. HCM also affects the electrical system In the heart which can cause life threatening arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)....   [tags: myocardium, heart, death]

Better Essays
567 words (1.6 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Heart Disease Essay

- Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. Heart disease also known as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) that deals with the heart vessels that get affected where the blood is not pumped correctly through. The reason I picked heart disease was because of the impact it has in my life is due to my father and his siblings who 've been diagnosed with coronary heart disease. My dad is not alone on being diagnosed in our family household, I was diagnosed at the age of eighteen and it has been a very rough journey to hide it from the family but also cope with it alone....   [tags: Heart, Myocardial infarction, Atherosclerosis]

Better Essays
1415 words (4 pages)

Symptoms And Outcomes Of Cardiomyopathy Essay

- WHAT IS A CARDIOMYOPATHY. Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, causing the heart muscle to become enlarged, thick or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue. As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It 's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure and rhythm problems. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs or abdomen....   [tags: Cardiomyopathy, Heart, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]

Better Essays
1553 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Heart Disease Symptoms

- What is your heart telling you. Heart problems can take you by surprise. Suddenly, you are hunched over with chest pressure, pain or even a heart attack. These are frightening symptoms of coronary artery disease (sometimes called atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries). This disease means that your heart is not getting enough blood. The good news is that surgery and basic life style change can give your heart another chance. Warning signs of coronary artery disease. Angina is one of the most common symptoms of the coronary artery disease....   [tags: Heart Problems]

Free Essays
629 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on What´s Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

- Introduction Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is “a syndrome characterized by cardiac enlargement and impaired systolic function of one or both ventricles.”4(1175) Through medical technology and proper medical regimen, people afflicted with this syndrome today, are living longer and are undergoing surgeries that may not be cardiac-related. Therefore, anesthesia providers may encounter increasing amounts of patients with DCM as compared in the past. As anesthesia providers, it is important to have an understanding of the pathophysiology of DCM and its anesthetic implication....   [tags: disease, systolic, medical technology]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Overivew of Cardiomyopathy Essay

- Introduction: Heart disease is the highest reported cause of death in the United States. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), reported that heart disease accounted for nearly 600,000 deaths, even trumping cancer by approximately 25,000. Health conditions that severely damage or weaken the heart can lead to heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Cardiomyopathy is heart disease that targets the myocardium, causing it to enlarge, thicken or become rigid. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute characterizes cardiomyopathy into to four different types: dilated, hypertrophic, restrictive, and arrhythmogenic....   [tags: Heart Disease, Medical]

Better Essays
1871 words (5.3 pages)

Essay about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

- Approximately, 1 of every 500 people is affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, it is important for patients to understand the dynamics of the disease as it could potentially be life threatening. In most cases, the patients quality of life is not affected, but a few will experience symptoms that cause significant discomfort or undetected complications that could lead to sudden cardiac death. With that in mind, it would be beneficial to recognize what it is, specific causes, the steps of diagnoses, and the options for treatment....   [tags: inherited disease, cardiac muscle, HCM]

Better Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)