Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

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A patient, known as BH, presented to his local ER complaining of abdominal pain, labored breathing, nausea, and vomiting. BH’s history includes a recent diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus I. This client is overweight, hypertensive, and Native American, which increase his chances of being diagnosed with diabetes (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper &Bucher 2013 p.1155). A blood glucose test is done along with a CBC, pH, bicarbonate, BUN, urinalysis, ketones, and blood gas tests. The patient was found to be insulin non-compliant, diet non-compliant, had a blood glucose of 397, a bicarbonate of 7 and A1C of 12.9. The patient was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis- a complication of the their type 1 diabetes mellitus. Though more common in type 1, DKA can occur in type 2 diabetes mellitus as well. DKA occurs when insulin is insufficient and the body uses fat instead of glucose for fuel and produces ketones as a by-product (Lewis et al., p. 1176). Of course, DKA is only 1 complication of many that can occur with Diabetes, a disease that is multisystem and on the rise.
In a healthy person, the pancreas contains endocrine secretory tissues that contain islets of Langerhans. These islets contain specialized cells that release insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin (Lazenby, 2011, p. 673). The hormone that is of concern when discussing diabetes is insulin, which is released from the beta cells of the pancreatic islets to lower blood glucose. Insulin is continuously released into the blood stream in small increments and increases release when food is ingested (Lewis et al., 2013, p. 1154). Insulin promotes glucose transport from bloodstream to cell and functions as a “key” to unlock the cells to allow for use of glucose as energy. A diabetic person ...


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...uid intake and education on a diabetic diet. The nurse should reformulate these goals if the patient cannot teach them back to her and possibly consider assessing the patient’s learning style and determine if there are language barriers.
Currently, this multisystem disease is affecting 29.1 million people in the United States (ADA, 2015). Diabetes is a disease that exhibits itself in several forms and can appear in many stages of life. That is why is crucial for nurses and other health care professionals to be aware of signs, symptoms and treatments of diabetes. The prognosis of diabetes really depends upon the patient. If they adhere to a quality diabetic regimen, they are likely to have a controlled disease that they can live with. However, if they are non-compliant, they run the risk to develop life-threatening complications that may result in premature death.

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Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus

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