Symptoms And Treatment Of Damaging Electrolyte Disorders And Acute Renal Failure

Symptoms And Treatment Of Damaging Electrolyte Disorders And Acute Renal Failure

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Rhabdomyolysis is a disease that involves a rupture of skeletal muscle, causing myoglobin, along with electrolytes and other intracellular proteins to leak in to circular system (Bagley et al, 2007). It is the result from the destruction of muscle fibers that make their way into the bloodstream, which take over the renal system hindering the kidneys ability to remove waste resulting in kidney failure (Owens, 2013). Rhabdomyolysis is rare and has not been fully documented. According to Efstratiadis et al, rhabdomyolysis was solely associated with crush injuries, but in recent studies, it appears to be five times more frequent in non-traumatic causes (2007). Damaging electrolyte disorders and acute renal failure may occur, leading to life-threatening situations. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of patients with rhabdomyolysis are colored urine, and muscle weakness is and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS). Rhabdomyolysis may develop in any circumstances where energy demands in muscles exceed the available energy supplies of the body. According to Polderman in 2004, it accounts for between 2% and 5% of all cases of acute renal failure in the intensive care unit.
Symptoms are frequently present, but usually asymptomatic. Rhabdomyolysis can affect a particular muscle area or the entire body. Often times it has been mistaken for DOMS. Some athletes may think they are experiencing DOMS after an extensive workout especially if the exercises were focused on shoulders, quads, or legs. In comparison to rhabdomyolysis, DOMS is the pain and stiffness of muscles usually felt a few hours later to a few days post exercise. Symptoms of rhabdomyolysis are similar to DOMS which include but are not limited to muscle stiffness and te...


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...eedy damage of skeletal muscle resulting in the escape of the muscle protein into circular system and urine. The prognosis for individuals depends on the underlying cause of the trauma. Early recognition and knowing the symptoms are important in identifying rhabdomyolysis versus DOMS, whereas a misdiagnosis can be fatal. Whether a person has been working out for years or is a beginner, knowing the limits of their body is critical when preforming new exercise programs or workouts. Many of the cases of rhabdomyolysis may be associated with various causes of muscle and kidney damage, leading to electrolyte imbalance and hospitalization. The importance of a getting early treatment may prevent damage of internal organs, including acute kidney failure. Individuals participating is rigorous exercise programs should know their limits, have a healthy diet and overall health.

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