Symptoms And Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder Essay

Symptoms And Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder Essay

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Bipolar disorder is an illness associated with mood swings ranging from high (manic) to low (depressive) (Sinacola & Peters-Strickland, 2012). Bipolar disorder is understood to originate biologically; however, in some cases environmental factors may trigger the illness. In addition, there are many types of bipolar disorders, such as type 1 and 2, cyclothymia, and rapid cycling. Bipolar Disorder Type presents symptoms such as manic, depressive, or mixed. Bipolar Disorder Type 2 is similar; yet, the mania is limited to hypomania. Meaning the high moods never come to a full-on manic episode. Cyclothymia is a milder form of the illness, where rapid cycling consists of four or more manic or depressive episodes. Furthermore, high rates of suicide are associated with bipolar disorder (Paterniti & Bisserbe, 2013). Treating Bipolar Disorder involves psychotherapy and most importantly medication.
Medications for Bipolar Disorder
The medications used for bipolar disorders are known as mood stabilizers (Sinacola & Peters-Strickland, 2012). Mood stabilizers are divided into three categories, including lithium, anticonvulsants, and atypical antipsychotics. The choice of the medication strictly depends on the patient and their mood.
Lithium
Since the 1970s, lithium has been one of the most reliable treatment options available for Bipolar Disorder (Sinacola & Peters-Strickland, 2012). Lithium is primarily used for treating acute mania. However, lithium may also treat the manic and depressive episodes of the disorder. In addition, lithium is known for its prevention of suicide compared to other treatment options. Though, with any medication there will be side effects. Side effects associated with lithium include increas...


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...resistant schizophrenia; however, it has been used for some time to treat severe mania (Sinacola & Peters-Strickland, 2012). Because of the severe side effects, which are seizures and agranulocytosis, clozapine is only used in special cases, normally when mania is extremely troublesome and severe. Additionally, patients may experience weight gain, headaches, and constipation. As a result, patients who are using this medication are monitored closely.
Bipolar Disorder and Psychotherapy
Along with medication, psychotherapy has also shown many effective benefits when treating bipolar disorder. Psychotherapy cannot treat bipolar disorder alone; however, it can help the person become more educated on the illness and diagnoses. Psychotherapeutic approaches known to provide benefits for bipolar disorder patients include cognitive behavioral and solution focused therapy.

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