When diagnosing asthma, it is important to rule out other conditions that could be causing similar symptoms. A physical examination of the patient is required to rule out respiratory infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other similar possible causes of the patient’s symptoms. The physician needs to ask question about the signs and symptoms and any other health problems that could be causing the current symptoms. After the other conditions have been ruled out the physician will move on to test lung function. There are two main tests that can be used to test lung function, which is testing how much air is moving in and out of the lungs as the patient breaths. The two tests used to help determine if the patient has asthma are Spirometry and Peak Flow. Spirometry is a test that, “estimates the narrowing of your bronchial tubes by checking how much air you can exhale after a deep breath and how fast you can breathe out. Peak flow meter is, “a simple device that measures how hard you can breathe out.” If the readings are lower than usu...
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...g them often will usually progress to long-term medication.
Alternative treatments for asthma are allergy medication and bronchial thermoplasty. Allergy shots are used over time to slowly reduce allergen specific flare-ups. They are administered once a week for three months and then once a month for three to five years. Omalizumab is an injection that is also given for allergen specific asthma flare ups and is used in more extreme cases. Bronchial thermoplast is an electrode procedure that causes a reduction in smooth muscle in the airways and helps lead to more open airways. This limits the airways contractibility and is only used in extreme cases of asthma. Asthma is treated by the level of severity and it is always important to have a medical plan of action.
The patient should work with their healthcare team to find the treatment that works best for them.
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