Essay on Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

Essay on Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

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The DSM IV describes schizophrenia as a mental illness and specifically classifies it as a psychotic disorder, or a disorder where contact with reality is severely impaired. Schizophrenia can develop at any stage in one’s life however it is most commonly developed in the early twenties for males and late twenties for females. Many symptoms include delusions (firmly held beliefs that are not based in reality), hallucinations, disorganized thinking or speech, severely disorganized or catatonic behavior, significant or complete lack of emotional expressiveness, poverty of speech, and inability to begin or perform goal-directed activities. The symptoms of schizophrenia for the most part have negative effects on the people suffering with the illness. Schizophrenia controls most aspects of a person’s life including their thoughts, actions, perceptions, social interactions and simple everyday activities. It is very common that schizophrenia causes a person to become socially awkward and agitated in activities requiring social interaction with other people. The DSM IV characterizes mood disorders as significant disturbances in a person’s persistent mood. The main mood disorders are depression, mania and bipolar disorders. The characteristics of depression include feeling week, deep sadness, and worthless. People suffering from depression often have trouble concentrating and making decisions. People can also suffer changes in their ability to sleep and changes in their appetites. In extreme cases people suffering with depression may contemplate suicide, due to their feelings of worthlessness and loss of hope in the world. People with manic mood usually show high levels of energy. They could be very happy or very irritable and difficult to ...


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...rs do not have to medically unexplained. The DSM IV criteria made it difficult isolate the problem, whereas the DSM V emphasizes that the examiner focuses on the degree or extent a patient seems to be exaggerating their pains, and use that to make a proper diagnosis of a Somotoform Disorder. The DSM V has made substantial changes to the criteria of Dissociative Disorders. Derealization is now included in the name Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder, Dissociative Fugue is now a specifier of Dissocaiative Amnesia, and the criteria for Dissociative Identity Disorder to indicate that symptoms of disruption of identity may be reported as well as observed. In the DSM V it specifically states that changes in identity in regards to Dissocaitive Identity Disorder can be observed and that people suffering from the disorder can experience gaps in recall of everyday events.

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