Schizophrenia is a psychiatric illness meaning a brain disorder. The affects of Schizophrenia are significant as it causes disruption in the ability to see and hear clearly, have smooth thinking processes, emotions, behaviours, perception, attention, motivation, reality and feeling (Ming, et.al, 2011, p.22). It is a prolonged illness in which can mean years of symptoms and disability (Sane, 2014). Schizophrenia has five different types which are:
1. Paranoid schizophrenia: consists of auditory hallucinations and delusions.
2. Disorganized schizophrenia: is the disruption of thought processes, and eventually affects daily living activities.
3. Catatonic schizophrenia: involves disturbance in movement, some may stop moving which is called catatonic stupor or some may experience increased movement which is called catatonic excitement.
4. Undifferentiated schizophrenia: which is several symptoms from the above types.
5. Residual schizophrenia: is diagnosed when a person no longer shows symptoms or symptoms are not as significant. (Tartakovsky, M. 2014)
Symptoms of Schizophrenia:
People suffering with schizophrenia may experience hallucinations, a inability to assemble thoughts and speech may be impaired (Dual Diagnosis.org, 2014). Some other symptoms identified are lack of insight, delusions, lack of motivation, inappropriate responses and social with draw. Not all of these symptoms occur for every individual suffering with schizophrenia and it may only occur for short periods known as ‘episodes’ (Better Health Channel, 2014).
Some causes of this mental disorder can be a combination of factors such as; stress and a use of drugs such as marijuana, LSD or speed which can possibly trigger their first episode (...
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Schizophrenia- Public Attitudes, Personal Needs, 2014. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/SchizophreniaSurvey/Recommendations.htm Accessed on 8/9/2014
The American Psychiatric Association, 2013, American Psychoatric publishing America. Available at: http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Schizophrenia%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf Accessed on 7/9/2014
Tartakovsky, M. 2014, ‘Schizophrenia Fact Sheet’, Available at: http://psychcentral.com/lib/schizophrenia-fact-sheet/0001570 Accessed on 7/9/2014
Virtual Medical Centre, 2014, ‘Schizophrenia’, Available at: http://www.myvmc.com/diseases/schizophrenia/ Accessed on 7/9/2014
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