File: Migraine intro
Contents (internal hyperlinks)
Symptoms of migraine headache
Learn more about migraine headache
Treatment for migraine headache
• Migraine is a common cause of headache, with an estimated 38 million individuals affected in the United States alone.
• Along with headache, migraine sufferers may experience a wide variety of symptoms, including light and sound sensitivity, nausea and vomiting.
• Patients should be aware of migraine triggers such as stress, loud noises, and lack of sleep, and try to avoid them.
• There are medications that can lower the frequency of migraine.
• Other medications exist to treat migraines when they occur.
What are the symptoms of migraine headache
• Headache, which is moderate to severe in intensity.
• Light and sound sensitivity.
• Nausea and vomiting can occur.
• Typical migraine headache has four phases: prodrome, aura, headache, and postdrome (post-headache symptoms).
- Prodrome occurs hours prior to actual headache. Symptoms vary, but there is no actual headache during the prodomal period. Not all patients will experience a prodrome.
- Aura can occur before the onset of the actual headache, or be experienced at the same time as the headache. The aura is most often visual (for example, lines or shapes), but can also be related to hearing (for example noises or music), or be experienced as physical sensations, dizziness, or confusion.
Learn more and understand about migraine headache
Migraine headache originates in the brain. No known anatomic abnormality is linked to migraine headache.
Migraine is a common cause of headache, with an esti...
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...ve in decreasing the frequency of migraine.
• Alternative management techniques for migraine include biofeedback, acupuncture, botox treatment, and nutritional supplements.
Transcutaneous magnetic stimulation is a new device that can alleviate pain once a migraine has started. This device was allowed to enter the market by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2013.
Buse, D. C., Manack, A. N., Fanning, K. M., Serrano, D., Reed, M. L., Turkel, C. C., & Lipton, R. B. (2012). Chronic migraine prevalence, disability, and sociodemographic factors: results from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention Study. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 52(10), 1456-1470.
2 Wassermann, E. M., & Lisanby, S. H. (2001). Therapeutic application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: a review. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112(8), 1367-1377.
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