One claim that Rappoport makes is that humor can either be offensive or funny depending on the audience’s background. In the sword and shield metaphor, the audience faces two contrasting sides that deal with stereotype humor. The first side is the sword that represents a weapon designed to mock and insult minority groups. The second side is the shield, which can be represented to serve the interests of minority groups. The shield side of the metaphor can be used in an effective way by minorities as a way to claim pride in their identity. Together, these two sides can either offend a group, or make them laugh. For example, Rappoport includes a joke to further prove that a joke can be offensive, and amusing. “Why are Jews not concerned about the abortion controversy? Because they don’t consider...
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...vidence, and in doing so he provides a narrative style piece. Also, the types of sources he includes are mainly primary, coming directly from the source. When Rappoport uses jokes in his book he doesn’t alter their interpretations, he takes them and quotes them exactly as they are told. Although, he does include secondary and tertiary sources when he includes the definitions of humor and ethnicity that come from either people or the dictionary. Further, Rappoport includes claims of values when he includes credible sources to use as support for his claim that humor cannot be defined, and when he argues that humor cannot be quantified because even psychologists can’t figure out what makes people laugh. Rappoport uses primary sources, claims of value, and a narrative style to argue that humor is based off of the audience, and the experiences the audience has had.
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