Sweden’s Criminal Justice System has changed dramatically over the last centuries. “In the mid-1850’s, crime and punishment were regulated by “Criminal Code of 1734”, which was based on shaming, fines, corporal punishment, and even the death penalty,” (Von Hofer p.171). In 1855, the Swedish Government abolished the act of corporal punishment. The Laws of Sweden have changed over the years, through reforms, which created the establishment of: “The New Criminal Code of 1865...
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...he inverse ‘expediency principle’ is employed,” (von Hofer).
The country of Sweden does not have many criminal issues like other countries might endure, such as murder, rape, and drug trafficking (United States). One issue the Swedish Government is serious about controlling is substance abuse. “The Social Services Act of 1982 came into force, it was the first piece of concerted legislation in Sweden to seek a solution to the problem of drug consumption,” (Edman p. 430). The legislation included programs to seek drug abusers through law enforcement and rehabilitate them, not as a sick person but rather, “the problem was described in terms of a lack of resources, and drug consumption was seen as a symptom of social and economic disadvantage,” (Edman p. 430). Mentioned earlier, Sweden focused on alcohol abuse in the 1850’s, and instituted a Narcotics Drug Act in 1968.
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