The Swedish Criminal Justice System Essays

The Swedish Criminal Justice System Essays

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The Swedish Criminal Justice System is one by comparison to other countries, a well oiled machine. Before recognizing the aspects of the criminal justice system of Sweden, there is some history that has to be brought into the light. Sweden and Finland are very similar in comparison, whether that is the close geographical position of both countries or the similarities of cultures or maybe due to the fact that they are both apart of the Nordic Welfare State. Sweden and Finland both have the world’s oldest homicide statistics, which started in the mid-1700’s. Sweden, like many other countries has been through multiple political-social changes and developments throughout the last few centuries. They did not participate in either of the World Wars, even though after World War I, one million citizens left and immigrated to different countries, with the majority going to the United States. Immigration into Sweden happened after their Industrial Revolution in 1870, and was separated into three waves: 1)Post-WWII (Refugees), 2) 1960’s-70’s (Labor), 3) 1980’s (Refugees & Family), (Von Hofer p.170). In 2011 only 6.9% of the entire Swedish population was from a foreign country. Which may be the reason why there are few social/cultural differences between citizens of Sweden.
Sweden’s Criminal Justice System has changed dramatically over the last centuries. “In the mid-1850’s, crime and punishment were regulated by “Criminal Code of 1734”, which was based on shaming, fines, corporal punishment, and even the death penalty,” (Von Hofer p.171). In 1855, the Swedish Government abolished the act of corporal punishment. The Laws of Sweden have changed over the years, through reforms, which created the establishment of: “The New Criminal Code of 1865...


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...he inverse ‘expediency principle’ is employed,” (von Hofer).
The country of Sweden does not have many criminal issues like other countries might endure, such as murder, rape, and drug trafficking (United States). One issue the Swedish Government is serious about controlling is substance abuse. “The Social Services Act of 1982 came into force, it was the first piece of concerted legislation in Sweden to seek a solution to the problem of drug consumption,” (Edman p. 430). The legislation included programs to seek drug abusers through law enforcement and rehabilitate them, not as a sick person but rather, “the problem was described in terms of a lack of resources, and drug consumption was seen as a symptom of social and economic disadvantage,” (Edman p. 430). Mentioned earlier, Sweden focused on alcohol abuse in the 1850’s, and instituted a Narcotics Drug Act in 1968.

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