In Sweden the Prime Minister, liberal conservative Moderate Party John Fredrik Reinfeldt, and the Cabinet ministers form the system of Government (Sweden, 2014). Under the Constitution, the Swedish Parliament (Riksdag) makes decision and the Swedish Government and not the head of state, or the monarch, is empowered to implement the decisions (Sweden, 2014). Very similar to the three tiers of Canadian government, Sweden’s government has three levels of government: national, regional and local (Sweden, 2014)
Canada’s System of Government
Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy, with a Sovereign as head of State, which is Queen Elizabeth II (Government of Canada, 2013). Queen Elizabeth II is the Monarch, Leader of Commonwealth, Canada’s formal Head of State and the head of both the executive and legislative branches (Government of Canada, 2013). Canada has an elected Prime Minister, currently Progressive Conservative Stephen Harper, as head of government. Canada has three tiers within a federal system of parliamentary government, in which the federal, provincial and territorial governments share responsibilities and carry out functions (Government of Canada, 2013).
Welfare State Regime’s
As a means to ensure a thorough and comprehensive comparative analysis is achieved between Canada and Sweden’s childcare policies, it is essential that I provide a social welfare regime framework for each country. I will begin by describing the three different types of welfare states, as well as provide an overview of how four key spheres interrelate within the operations of welfare regimes. Welfare state can be defined as the government’s action or inaction to support, protect (or control) citizens ...
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...(2007). Canada's social policy regime and women: An assessment of the last decade. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada, Ottawa.
Findlay, T. (2014).
Government of Canada. (2013, 12 18). Government of Canada. Retrieved 03 16, 2014, from How Government Works: http://canada.ca/en/gov/system/index.html
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Olsen, G. M. (1999). Half empty or half full? the swedish welfare state in transition. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology , 36 (2), 241-267.
Olson, G. M. (2007). Toward Global Welfare State Convergence?: Family Policy and Health Care in Sweden, Canada and the United States. Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34(2), 143-164. , 34 (2), 143-164.
Sweden. (2014, 02 04). Retrieved 03 16, 2014, from The Swedish Sytem of Government: http://sweden.se/society/the-swedish-system-of-government/#start
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