Sustainability of Palm Oil Production in Indonesia Essay

Sustainability of Palm Oil Production in Indonesia Essay

Length: 772 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Sustainability of Palm Oil Production in Indonesia
Palm oil is the leading edible vegetable oil by production volume. It is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of a wide variety of products that are used globally every day, such as chocolate, soap, and cosmetics. It is also a common cooking oil in many countries, notably in Asia, and is used in other industries, including livestock and, increasingly, biofuels.
Palm oil is produced from the fruit of oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis). Palm oil can be separated into a various distinct oils with different properties. Because of this versatility, palm oil has replaced animal and other vegetable oils to be used in a wide variety of products. Palm oil is also a very productive crop. The amount of oil produced per hectare per year, or the yield, is far greater than that of other vegetable oils. Best-in-class palm oil plantations can produce up to 10 times more oil per unit area than that of soybean or sunflower oil. The production costs for palm oil are also lower, mainly due to low labor costs in the countries in which oil palm trees are grown. Less fertilizer, pesticide, and fuel energy are needed in the cultivation and processing of palm oil.
In the past few years, palm oil production has sparked many contentious debates. On one hand, palm oil production has an important positive socioeconomic impact in the countries which produce it. On the other hand, palm oil production has a severe negative impact on the ecological sustainability. These positive and negative impacts are considered major issues in Indonesia, the world’s largest producer of crude palm oil.

Palm Oil Production in Indonesia
The versatility, high yields, and low production costs of palm oil are the reasons why i...


... middle of paper ...


... the large market size and the increase in demand, it is obvious that crude palm oil can be a significant source of economic benefits for Indonesia. The palm oil industry contributes to regional development. Palm oil represents a huge economic opportunity for the myriad numbers of smallholders, as more than 6.6 million tons of palm oil in Indonesia is produced by smallholders. The industry provides jobs for a large number of Indonesia’s rural population. It is estimated that in 2006 almost 2 million people worked in the Indonesian palm oil industry.
Palm oil offers Indonesian government a means to fight poverty. Penalizing palm oil expansion, therefore, may not be economically feasible. Instead, serious effort should be done for ensuring the sustainability of palm oil production while minimizing, or better yet, avoiding, the negative impacts of palm oil production.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Government Intervention Is Needed For Effective Regulation On Oil Palm Expansion

- According to Sumarga and Hein (2015), from a land management perspective, the RSPO P&C are not yet adequate because there are only a few primary forests remain and conversion of secondary forests also brings significant environmental costs such as habitat destruction and biodiversity loss. Moreover, the conversion of shallow and deep peat is not restricted by the RSPO P&C. Therefore, government intervention is needed for effective regulation on oil palm expansion, because RSPO alone is not adequate....   [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Natural environment, Malaysia]

Better Essays
1076 words (3.1 pages)

The Land Of Jambi, Indonesia Essay

- INTRODUCTION The land of Jambi, Indonesia, on the island of Sumatra, has been incredibly blessed with the palm oil seed. The impact of palm oil has transcended time, boundaries and borders as it has become to most widely used product for consumer good. Not one day goes by where the average consumer doesn’t utilize a product without palm oil. It is every, it is necessary and it is in high demand. This is where the role of the corporations come in. Wilmar International Limited is a corporation which has descended upon the palm oil industry with the purpose of essentially and quite literally, spreading the wealth....   [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Sustainability, Globalization]

Better Essays
1986 words (5.7 pages)

Sustainability in Indonesia´s Rainforest Essay example

- The concept of ‘Just Sustainability’ incorporates not only environmental sustainability but also a need to strive towards social justice and equity. According to Agyeman sustainability is “the need to ensure a better quality of life for all, now and into the future, in a just and equitable manner, while living within the limits of supporting ecosystems.” (Agyeman et al. 2003 as cited in Agyeman 2005: 43) Both the desire for sustainability and development can be cause for many social justice and human equity issues, but in order to fulfil the idea of ‘Just Sustainability,’ all of these things need to be taken into account....   [tags: Deforestation Essays]

Better Essays
2489 words (7.1 pages)

Domestic Consumption And Agricultural Production Essay

- ii. Agriculture Unlike SME, the agriculture sector remains the backbone of the country in which 82% of the people in rural areas depend the land and agricultural production for their survival through subsistence cash economy. Most of the educational, health, physiological and basic human needs are sustained through the agriculture sector. People in rural areas have depended on cash crops such as cocoa, oil palm, vanilla, coffee and fruits & vegetables for years to sell to the local market. However the problem is that, these farmers are not given subsidies by the government to expand their business....   [tags: World Bank, Poverty, Development]

Better Essays
1292 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on The Life Of The Oil Palm Tree

- The oil palm tree, scientifically known as Elaeis guineensis, is a member of the family Palmae and the subfamily Cocoideae, which also includes the coconut plant. The genus contains two main species, E. guineensis, which is known as the African oil palm, and E. melanococca, also known as the American oil palm. However, the latter is only valuable for hybridization. The male and female flower clusters occur on the same tree thus making it a monoecious plant. Though, the sexes are only differentiated approximately two years after plantation....   [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Palm kernel, Arecaceae]

Better Essays
1275 words (3.6 pages)

Is Palm Oil Is Everywhere? Essay

- Palm Oil Is Everywhere (Literally) As my picks and crampons were jammed into the majestic and frozen waterfall, I was immersed in the wildlife. I was on an ice climbing trip, which was situated near the picturesque Denali National Park. As I was sitting on the nearby rocks for a lunch break, I started to eat my apple. I am used to seeing a lot of outdoor-y people bring energy bars or trail mix, the most energizing and least junky snacks. As I looked over at my Japanese classmate treat, I surprise noticed that he had a Snickers bar....   [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Petroleum, Malaysia]

Better Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

Palm Oil And Its Effects On The Environment Essay

- Introduction Palm oil is considered an essential ingredient for the production of foods and other products in which human use. Orangutan Project (2015) states that ‘palm oil is derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree’, and the ‘palm oil plantations are the main driver for deforestation in Indonesia’. The harvest of the palm trees for the production of palm oil affects the ecosystem as it can affect the environment. This investigation with highlight out the advantages of the palm fruit providing nutrients, it is essential for the productions of products, and this production being that palm oil can reduce poverty....   [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Orangutan, Overpopulation]

Better Essays
1201 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Oil Production in Indonesia

- ... Throughout World War II, the Japanese exploited Indonesia’s oil reserves and refineries. “With independence following WWII, the oil, oil fields, refineries and supplies seized by the Japanese invasion force were returned to the Indonesian Government, and the new era of Indonesian energy exploration and production began,” according to the Indonesian Petroleum Association. Indonesia’s economic development is in large, dependent on oil and gas production. The State Constitution of 1945 mandated that “all of Indonesia’s land, water and natural resources are controlled by the State and will be utilized for the greatest benefit and welfare of its people.” Pertamina, Indonesia’s largest state-...   [tags: palm oil industry, petroleum]

Better Essays
1051 words (3 pages)

Forecasting US Oil Production Essays

- 1. Introduction Oil production in US has been experiencing fluctuation for a long period and there is a need to identify whether there has been a trend in oil production for the period from 1980 to 2008. This analysis could be of interest to the energy administration commission and the government for the purpose of planning for the amount of crude oil that can be allowed for export as well as for the purpose of planning investment in infrastructure for other energy sources. (Bp, 2013) In addition, the study will be seeking to identify the effect on accuracy of using different periods in computing moving average....   [tags: oil production, petroleum]

Better Essays
1757 words (5 pages)

Innovations in Crude Oil Production Essay

- Innovations in Crude Oil Production The first oil well was drilled in 1859 by Edwin Drake. It burned to the ground several months later, but had it survived it would only have yielded around 20 barrels of oil per day, hardly a drop in today’s market.(“Story”) At the time however, it was considered a success and it began a revolution in oil production. Crude oil production in the world skyrocketed from a few hundred barrels of oil per day to 76 million today. (“International”) Of course, in the long term, this is not sustainable....   [tags: Oil Production Essays Papers]

Better Essays
2302 words (6.6 pages)