The advantages of complex linkages include having specialized suppliers who focus on perfecting their component delivery and ecosystems that create strong barriers for new entries into Apple’s competition. It has also enabled price concessions from their main suppliers. The disadvantage is that it is expensive to switch to new suppliers in case the contract is ended for the current supplier. They are idiosyncratic and therefore difficult and time-consuming to create or re-establish with new value chain partners.
Apple can enforce the codes of supplier conduct across all suppliers by ensuring effective communication with the managers at the supplier companies. Also, having Apple engineers at the suppliers’ companies would allow for Apple to monitor the standards and ensure they are enforced to meet requirements.
Taxation without representation is a situation whereby a government imposes taxes on a specific group of its citizens despite not having the citizen’s consent or an actu...
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... Brazil, oral communication would be more effective to written. For instance, after sending a written document, it would be nice to follow up with a phone call. Also, use of Brazilian Portuguese would be more effective than the English language. In China it would be of importance to have a translator or learn the Chinese dialect to be able to do business effectively with the Chinese people. Moreover, understanding that the Chinese people rarely say no would allow understand their communication in business. In India, saying no is also not common and therefore more subtle means may be used to save the face of conversations. Understanding this would allow the expatriates to better understand the employees and better motivate them. Understanding that Indians are family oriented would allow them to connect with the employees by first asking how their families are doing.
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