Sunny and Shia Fundamentalism Essay

Sunny and Shia Fundamentalism Essay

Length: 1880 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Fundamentalism in its most basic definition refers to the attempt to return to the basic ideals and principles of a specific tradition. Therefore, a fundamentalist is a person who believes that it is crucial and necessary to return and adhere to their tradition’s fundamentals because something specific, usually another tradition, is challenging the fundamentals of that person’s tradition. “By and large, fundamentalism was a response to the loss of influence traditional revivalism experienced in America during the early years of the twentieth century” (Internet Archive Wayback Machine). Not one person can be given the credit with the founding of Fundamentalism; it essentially created itself by the revivalism that Protestant America was experiencing at the time. It is also important to know that there are two forms of fundamentalism: religious and secular. Obviously, religious fundamentalism tends to stem off from ideals in an existing religion like Christianity and secular fundamentalism is not affiliated to any religion whatsoever. An example of a secular group is The New Atheist who attempt to prove worldly questions through science. The difference between these two forms will be later discussed in this paper in much more detail. Another way to better understand what defines both religious and secular fundamentalism is through these ten traits (secular fundamentalism can only share the first eight traits).
The traits are as follows:
I. A reluctance to compromise (i.e. Sunni and Shia fundamentalists; They cannot compromise with who should succeed Mohammed and so they’ve been in conflict for hundreds of years now)
II. A sense of having been chosen to fulfill a cosmic mission (i.e. Christian fundamentalists like Evangelical Chris...


... middle of paper ...


...ones, Steven. "Religious Movements Homepage: Fundamentalism." Internet Archive Wayback Machine. 16 July 2001. Web. 06 June 2011. .
Leppert, Richard. Aural Cultures. Ed. Jim Drobnick. Toronto, Ont.: YYZ, 2004. Print.
Loflin, Lewis. "Christian Fundamentalism and Science." Homepage for Lewis Loflin. Web. 07 June 2011. .
"New Kadampa Tradition - Kadampa Buddhism (NKT-IKBU) | Tibetan Buddhism Goes West." Info.Buddhism. Web. 07 June 2011. .
"Secular Buddhism." The Secular Buddhist. Web. 07 June 2011. .
Smith, Huston, Richard Marranca, and Huston Smith. The World's Religions. New York: HarperOne, 1991. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay Prejudice against Muslims and Islamic Fundamentalism

- Ever since September 11, 2001 Americans along with the majority of the world’s population have been skeptical of Muslims. It’s a sad reality but it’s hard for people to think of a Muslim without linking them directly to terrorism. But these assumptions aren’t totally out of the blue—the Muslim’s religion, Islam, teaches a low tolerance for other religions and the Islamic government has no separation of church and state, so it’s only normal to assume that their government shall have a low tolerance as well—some however, immediately translate this into terrorism....   [tags: Prejudice, Muslims, Islamic Fundamentalism, terror]

Powerful Essays
1122 words (3.2 pages)

The Reluctant Fundamentalist Essay

- The Reluctant Fundamentalist is a taut and engaging piece of fiction, exploring the growing chasm between the East and the West. Mohsin Hamid has used a rather unique narrative mode- the dramatic monologue –and used it skillfully to weave an account of a young Pakistani’s class aspirations and inner struggle in corporate America. Throughout the novel, Hamid maintains a tense atmosphere, an atmosphere of imminent danger and radical violence. What results from the two devices is an allegorical reconstruction of post-9/11 tensions, and an inflective young man’s infatuation and disenchantment with America....   [tags: Essay on The Reluctant Fundamentalist]

Powerful Essays
2167 words (6.2 pages)

Is Anti–Fundamentalism the Fundamentalism of the Anti-Fundamentalists? Essay

- 1 Proposed title Is anti–fundamentalism the fundamentalism of the anti-fundamentalists. 2 Background This study is, in the first place, not a study about the object of fundamentalism, the fundamentalist, but rather about the subject, the anti-fundamentalist – about the accuser rather than the accused, about the prosecution not the defence. I use the word ‘anti-fundamentalist’ instead of ‘non-fundamentalist’’ to make a distinction between those who publically oppose fundamentalists and those who can not be classed as fundamentalist....   [tags: Theology ]

Powerful Essays
1923 words (5.5 pages)

How Do You Define Christian Fundamentalism? Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism

- What comes to mind when you hear the term Christian fundamentalist. Many people immediately think it is someone who has ultra-conservative Christian based religious beliefs. There is a negative connotation associated as well; many think of Christian fundamentalists as closed-minded, prejudiced and discriminatory, and “right wing” when it comes to political matters. Christian fundamentalists themselves will tell you that the Bible is to be interpreted literally as it is the sacred word of God. They will also tell you that they have been “reborn” or converted, and accepted Jesus Christ as their Lord and savior....   [tags: Religion, Christian Fundamentalist, The Antichrist]

Powerful Essays
2926 words (8.4 pages)

The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran Essay

- The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran Over the course of the last century, the Islamic Republic of Iran (formerly known as Persia) has seen colonialism, the end of a dynasty, the installation of a government by a foreign power, and just over three decades ago, the popular uprising and a cleric-led revolution. These events preceded what could be considered the world’s first Islamic state, as politics and fundamentalist religion are inextricably linked in contemporary Iran. Looking at Iran from the mid 1940’s until the present day, one can trace the path that led to the rise of fundamental Islam in Iran in three distinct periods....   [tags: Islam]

Powerful Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Is Religious Fundamentalism Always Totalitarian and Prone to Violence? Essay

- Religious Fundamentalism is not a modern phenomenon, although, there has received a rise in the late twentieth century. It occurs differently in different parts of the world but arises in societies that are deeply troubled or going through a crisis (Heywood, 2012, p. 282). The rise in Religious Fundamentalism can be linked to the secularization thesis which implies that victory of reason over religion follows modernization. Also, the moral protest of faiths such as Islam and Christianity can be linked to the rise of Religious Fundamentalism, as they protest the influence of corruption and pretence that infiltrate their beliefs from the spread of secularization (Heywood, 2012, p....   [tags: muslims,al qaeda, religion,fundamentalists]

Powerful Essays
1863 words (5.3 pages)

The Shia Islam Essay

- The Shia represents the second largest piece of Islam after Sunni Islam and is approximately fifteen to twenty-five percent of Muslims worldwide. Adherent of the Shia Islam are the Shi’ites or Shias. The Shia consists of one major way of thinking known as the Jafaryia or the “Twelvers,” and a few minor ways of thinking (Syed). These names all refer to the number of religious leaders they recognize after the death of Muhammad. The term Shia is usually meant to be synonymous with the Jafaryia/Twelvers....   [tags: religion, muslims, ritual, tradition, Jafaryia]

Powerful Essays
661 words (1.9 pages)

The Failings of Fundamentalism Essay

- ... Neither hope nor assurance are quantifiable pieces of evidence; they are feelings, subjective by definition. Therefore, fundamentalists may feel they are right, but they cannot know whether they are right by standards of objective reasoning. Even if fundamentalist doctrine is entirely correct, it has no more privilege to absolute certainty than any other set of opinions. As such, fundamentalists must understand that their legislative efforts to defend God’s will from ungodly “assaults” (Marsden) will be seen by others as acts of condemnation, homophobia, and misogyny (Riascos)....   [tags: an espresso shot of Christianity]

Powerful Essays
957 words (2.7 pages)

Fundamentalism and Religion Essay example

- Fundamentalism and Religion For a vast majority, the term “fundamentalism” evokes images of hostage crises, embassies under siege, hijackings, and suicide bombers. But these images hardly present a comprehensive picture. People in the west associate fundamentalism with Islam, this is indeed a mistaken belief. Fundamentalism is defined as " the affirmation of religious authority as holistic and absolute, admitting of neither criticism nor reduction; it is expressed through the collective demand that specific creedal and ethical dictates derived from scripture be publicly recognized and legally enforced ." (Lawrence) Therefore the essence of fundamentalist belief...   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
795 words (2.3 pages)

Muslim Fundamentalism Essay

- The term "fundamentalism" came into existence at the Niagara Falls Bible Conference which was convened to define those things that were fundamental to belief. The term was also used to describe "The Fundamentals", a collection of twelve books on five subjects published in 1910 by Milton and Lyman Steward. Fundamentalism as a movement arose in the United States starting among conservative Presbyterian academics and theologians at Princeton Theological Seminary in the first decade of the Twentieth Century [5] [6]....   [tags: Religion Islam Muslim]

Free Essays
941 words (2.7 pages)