Essay on Summary of The Illidad by Homer

Essay on Summary of The Illidad by Homer

Length: 1519 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Iliad is a poem told by Homer that describes the horror of men and gods alike battling toward the destruction of both sides as it moves to the tragic conclusion of the Trojan War. Robert Fagles using his poetic and scholar skills to perfectly translates the Iliad using Bernard Knox’s introduction and notes. In his translation he sticks to maintain the drive music of Homer’s poetry, and evokes the impact of the Iliad’s repeated phrases. Fagles' translations emphasizes on English idioms and phrasings, but tries to stay as faithful to the original text as possible. Gary Wills from The New Yorker called Fagles “the best living translator of ancient Greek drama, lyric poetry, and epic into modern English.”
The Iliad is a long poem that is composed by a series of books. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war. Agamemnon and Achilles get into a skirmish about two maidens, Chryseis and Briseis that were captured in a Trojan-allied town. After Apollo releases a plague for not returning Chryseis, Agamemnon goes into a rage and says that he will return Chryseis only if Achilles gives him Briseis. Agamemnon’s demand infuriates and humiliates Achilles. The men argue, and Achilles threatens to withdraw from the battle and take his people, back home to Phthia. That night Achilles prays to his mother, Thetis, to ask Zeus to punish the Achaeans. She promises to ask Zeus about his offer. After twelve days, Thetis makes her appeal to Zeus. Zeus is reluctant to help the Trojans but he finally agrees. The next day Zeus sends a false dream to Agamemnon that he can take Troy if he launches a full-scale assault on the city’s walls. The next day, Agamemnon gathers the troops and prepares for the attack. After that The Trojan army ...

... middle of paper ... mourning Patroclus and abusing Hector’s body. Apollo, meanwhile, protects Hector’s corpse from damage and rot. Finally, on the twelfth Apollo persuades Zeus that Achilles must let Hector’s body be ransomed. Zeus sends Thetis to tell the news to Achilles, while Iris goes to Priam to instruct him. Priam sets out with a chariot full of treasure. When the chariot arrives at Achilles’ tent, Priam begs for Hector’s body. He asks Achilles to think of his father, Peleus, and the love they have. Achilles weeps and accepts the ransom and agrees to give Hector back. That night, Priam sleeps in Achilles’ tent, but Hermes wakes him up warning that he must not sleep in enemy lines. Priam places Hector in his chariot, and slips out unnoticed. For nine days the Trojans prepare Hector’s funeral pyre, which Achilles given them, and The Trojans light Hector’s pyre on the tenth day.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Ideals of the Elite in The Illidad and Ther Odyssey by Homer

- The document that I chose to write about is The Odyssey by Homer. Homer is believed to have lived during the 8th century B.C.E and was considered the greatest and last of the epic poets in ancient Greece. With the knowledge of writing almost nonexistent due to the fall of the Mycenaean civilization the only thing that kept Greek traditions and culture alive were stories also known as poems shared from one generation to the next. During Homers time Greece was believed to be in the dark ages during this time the wealth was limited and the population was shrinking....   [tags: Poem, Greece, Journey]

Powerful Essays
634 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Homer 's Epic Poems, The Illiad, And The Odyssey

- Odysseus is one of the very many prominent characters in Homer’s Epic poems, The Illiad, and The Odyssey. Odysseus has been famed one of the more relatable characters from Homer’s writing, as well as one of the Greatest Greek Mythology Heroes. Homer’s Epic poems highlight many periods of shame and honor for Odysseus. The character analysis of Odysseus through the poem’s timeline shows vast developments and heroic features appear to take form in him. The Illiad portrayed Odysseus as more of a secondary figure behind Agamemnon and Achilles....   [tags: Odyssey, Trojan War, Homer, Achilles]

Powerful Essays
923 words (2.6 pages)

Comparison Between Homer And Iliad Essay

- Homer and Hesiod were well-known epic poets that gave contribution to their culture by writing poetry on the different aspects and views of the Greek world. Homer’s long narrative poems dealt a lot with heroes at war, gods and goddesses involved with humans while Hesiod’s poetry is shorter, having little to do with heroes, and presents the importance of work and morality. Although the two poets have their own unique writing style, there are many differences and similarities in The Odyssey, Works and Days, and Iliad about beliefs in religion, description of women, and function of war....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odyssey, Homer]

Powerful Essays
837 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Honor as the Theme in Homer’s The Iliad

- There are different forms and examples of exemplary and classic literature which have been deemed as significant works that are highly esteemed worldwide. These examples of literature would awe the world with how much literary skill they entailed when they were composed and written: attention to details as to formation of characters, the most crafty of plots, the most eloquent speeches and lines, the most astounding of twists of scenes, and most of all, the most universal and meaningful of themes....   [tags: Honor, Homer, Iliad]

Powerful Essays
2018 words (5.8 pages)

The Odyssey By Homer. Homer Essay

- Essay 2 Topic B The Odyssey was written near the end of 8th century B.C. by Homer. Homer wrote this epic poem in the Greek coastal region of Anatolia called Ionia. This poem talks tells the famous story of Ulysses journey back home after the Trojan war. In the surface the poem gives an interesting story about Ulysses battle against monsters and Gods, but after analyzing the story in depth one can find important information about Greek society in this time period. The Odyssey has the theme of women as monsters tempting men away from home and also the theme that men actually settle in a different area rather than return home....   [tags: Odyssey, Homer, Odysseus, Trojan War]

Powerful Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

Essay Analysis Of The Book ' Homer 's Iliad '

- Homer 's Iliad-The Story before the Story Standards SS.912.W.1.In.a - Florida Use a timeline to show the relationship of historical events. SS.912.W.1.In.b - Florida Identify terms of time sequence, such as decade, century, and era. LACC.K12.R.1.1 - Florida Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. Essential Question 1. Historians believe that Iliad is the oldest book in the world....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Homer, Achilles]

Powerful Essays
1801 words (5.1 pages)

The Odyssey, by Homer Essay

- In Homer’s prominent epic, The Odyssey, A male protagonist gifted with immense physical strength and power named Odyssey is traveling back home to Ithaca. Over the course of his 10 year journey across vast and treacherous waters, his physical attributes are not enough to help him reach home. He faces many obstacles that he must overcome. The most important obstacle is temptation. His journey home is full of temptation and will challenge his physical and mental capabilities that he must learn to control, and overcome, so that he can find his way back home....   [tags: Summary, Transgressions, Thematic Analysis]

Powerful Essays
853 words (2.4 pages)

The Odyssey, by Homer Essay

- Homer’s Odyssey was written around 700 BC. During this time there was major social and economic change, which brought the development of new cities, as well as new laws to govern them. Political rights and citizenship in Greek society truly defined the roles of women in this time period. All of the laws governing the population of Greece were not only written by men, but also enforced by men. Homer’s Odyssey is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role. Women were held at a very low status compared to men....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]

Powerful Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about The Mysterious Homer, Author of The Odyssey and The Iliad

- The Mysterious Homer, Author of The Odyssey and The Iliad  A sketchy figure by the name of Homer is given credit for the two great epic poems of ancient Greece. The Odyssey and The Iliad influenced Greek culture, education, and morality. Little is known about Homer and many scholars question whether he existed at all. (Encarta) Some say two different unknown authors wrote the two poems. (Britannica) Others say that many oral poets were responsible for the finished products. (Britannica) In this report I will discuss the theories that support the existence of an author named Homer....   [tags: Homer]

Powerful Essays
675 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Homer

- Homer How can one determine a writers feelings about issues by simply reading their literature. Often it seems, one can read more than just the words written on the page. We can read the feeling and emotion the words represent. Homer’s tone in The Odyssey shows his feelings about the past, present, and future of Greece. He portrays Ancient Greece as being overly structured and rigid. He shows the Golden Age he lived in as being perfectly ideal, and balanced. His view of the future predicted chaos, slackness, and confusion....   [tags: Homer]

Powerful Essays
823 words (2.4 pages)