Summary of Merton's Destcription of the Rewards System of Science Essay

Summary of Merton's Destcription of the Rewards System of Science Essay

Length: 2097 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In this paper I will summarize Merton’s description of the rewards system of science. I will be exploring the unasked question, “What should a good rewards system look like?” I make a normative proposition, based on utility, that we ought to completely separate the laboratories and businesses that provide the tools for scientists from the scientists themselves. I envision a style of science that allows individuals and teams of scientists to engage in open-source science that allows them to contract out their skills to particular institutions and groups that need a scientific service.
I ask not what is good for science, but what is good for scientists? Feyerabend was right to point out the fact that Kuhn might be ignoring individual scientists in his pursuit for a structure of science. While Feyerabend was concerned with what happens to the morals of scientists and Kuhn was concerned with the general structure, I want to explore what will have the most utility for both science and scientists. This will be a restructuring of the rewards system.
Merton claimed that the basic currency for scientific reward is recognition (Godfrey-Smith 123). He argues that the best reward is being the first person to come up with an idea. Merton also claims that this is the only property right in science. The best case scenario is having an idea named after one’s self; i.e. Darwinism, Planck’s Constant, and Boyle’s Law. Merton gives examples that give credence to his idea of a rewards system. He discusses the altercations between Newton and Hooke, and Newton and Leibniz.
Merton suggests that the current system is mostly good in that it encourages original thinking, but that it can misfire when the desire for reward overcomes everything else. Fraud, ...

... middle of paper ...

... Furthermore, there is an indirect incentive for scientists to avoid excessive jargon and technical speech if they want to attract the general population to certain projects. I believe that if scientists have a financial interest in the education of the general population, and if the general population feels more involved, then we could get many scientific projects that are seen as unprofitable by businesses put into practice. Shelved products, old patents, and very long term projects might find a home in this type of structure. The public finds going to Mars exciting and businesses don't see much potential for financial gains. The potentials impacts of OS on the world are many, far-reaching, and outside the scope of this paper. But if the money raised for Restore the Shore is any indication, then perhaps the public would very much get behind these types of projects.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Design Science And Formal Science Essay

- Review [6/10/2016]: Confirmatory Design Science vs. Exploratory Design Science Summary (Topic, Methods, Claimed results) This is an engaging and interesting paper proposing the introduction of two categories of Design Science Research (DSR) - Exploratory Design Science (EDS) and Confirmatory Design Science (CDS). EDS is the iterative development of an artifact for the creation of a new or interesting solution to an existing problem, while CDS is the aspect of design science that develops artifacts to validate theories....   [tags: Scientific method, Research, Behavioural sciences]

Powerful Essays
1720 words (4.9 pages)

Description of School Currency System Essay

- How do students become financially prepared for the real world. Students go through school for quite a few years, they learn reading, math, science, etc. But there is not a finance class to teach students the basics of finance. Now you might think that students wouldn't take the class. That is why you could implement a school currency system. A currency system would be helpful in many ways, although many people are against it, because there could be some flaws in the system. Helping students improve grades, improving daily attendance, teaching important life skills, and improving a students level of responsibility, are reasons why a currency system should be implemented in school....   [tags: school currency, currency system, personal finance]

Powerful Essays
764 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Description Of A Computer Science

- Introduction This is the final portfolio for CH1051 which displays what I have accomplished and learned in this course, and also how this course has help me in moving forward in the future. There are ten objectives, which are important to my major because these skills demonstrate the ability to identify a problem, come up with a testable solution, and then carry out the proposed solution while accurately recording the results and effectively communicating them within both your group and effectively to the public....   [tags: Experiment, Science, Conclusion, Theory]

Powerful Essays
1665 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Science, Non Science And Pseudo Science

- When it comes to the word ‘science’ most of the people have some kind of knowledge about science or when they think of it there is some kind of image related to science, a theory, scientific words or scientific research, many different sorts of ideas float into an individual’s mind. Every individual has a different perception about science and how he/she perceives it. This illustrates that each individual can identify science in some sort of form. This indicates that science plays a vital role in our everyday lives (Lederman & Tobin, 2002)....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Science, Pseudoscience]

Powerful Essays
1482 words (4.2 pages)

Cognitive Science And The Mind Body Problem Essay

- Background Cognitive science and the mind-body problem: from philosophy to psychology to artificial intelligence to imaging of the brain was written by Morton Wagman. The author is a professor Emeritus of psychology at the university of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and he is also Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional psychology. This book was published in the United States of America by Praeger publishers in 1998. The main content of the book is to analyze the variation of the mind-body problem within and across the disciplines of philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, and neural science....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Cognitive science, Brain]

Powerful Essays
1444 words (4.1 pages)

Artificial Intelligence in Computer Science Essay

- An important field in computer science today is artificial intelligence. The novel approaches that computer scientists use in this field are looked to for answers to many of the problems that have not been solved through traditional approaches to software engineering thus far. One of the concepts studied and implemented for a variety of tasks in artificial intelligence today is neural networks; they have proven successful in offering an approach to some problems in the field, but they also have some failings....   [tags: Computer Science]

Powerful Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Evolution of Science

- The idea of a world progressing, or evolving, in science hasn’t been around forever. In fact, the Enlightenment period in the seventeen hundreds with scientists such as Isaac Newton the man who discovered gravity, Louis Pasteur the chemist who invented the vaccine to prevent rabies, Charles Darwin the father of evolution, Benjamin Franklin the first scientist to toy with the dangers and possibilities of electricity, and so many more wonderful scientists was the start of the “progress” that revolutionized our world....   [tags: Science]

Powerful Essays
895 words (2.6 pages)

Sociologists of Science Essay

- The ethos of science was always been about seeking for the truth. Ptolemy wanted to know what was in the heavens. Newton wanted to know about motion and force. Einstein wanted to know about protons and relativity. These scientists and many others have always had that pure desire of wanting to learn the truth about what they were interested. However, if we were to examine the present, scientists today are struggling not because of their truth-seeking journeys but because of the need to produce results so that they can still have the opportunity of keeping their jobs researching the subjects that they have researching for the past few years....   [tags: Science]

Powerful Essays
2439 words (7 pages)

Policies and Procedures for Science and Technology Essay

- Policies and Procedures for Science and Technology Policies and procedures can quickly become out-of-date if an effective policy coordination function is not coupled. The creation of science and technology policy and procedure is to response for the documentation, maintenance, distribution of policy records, and up-to-date procedures along with providing guidance in collecting and preparing documents, even on criminal investigation and prosecutions. Documenting, policies, procedures, and delegations should enable efforts in criminal investigation and prosecution by addressing a number of key points: ease of access, cost effectiveness, responsiveness, and accountability (University of Califor...   [tags: Science]

Powerful Essays
2385 words (6.8 pages)

Forensic Science And Forensics Science Essays

- Both computer forensic or forensic science and Biometrics sometimes may apply same identification methods; however, they do so for different purposes. Computer forensics or forensics science is based on history and a forensic investigator does not just pick a method in advance. In other words, forensics investigators are unaware of what they will find as evidence. In addition, the manner in which forensics tools and evidence are handled may have critical implications, which can make or break a case....   [tags: Forensic science, Computer forensics]

Powerful Essays
768 words (2.2 pages)