Summary of George Orwell's 1984 Essay

Summary of George Orwell's 1984 Essay

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George Orwell’s “1984” is a novel about a negative utopian society ruled by an oppressive tyrannical ruler known as Big Brother. The novel creates its own world that takes place in Oceania, a province of Airstrip One. The residents of Oceania follow a strict code of laws, and live their lives in fear and hate. The novel takes place roughly in the year 1984. The residents in the city of London, which is in the province of Oceania, are constantly monitored by a “telescreen”. This is a two way screen that could be diminished in sound but never fully turned off. The government uses this device to constantly watch the citizens and scare them into adhering into a didactic way of living. The details of their lives are predetermined, as the government molds its citizens into servants. Winston Smith, the main character of the novel, lives life in apprehension. Winston knows that the government is wrong, and he knows what Big Brother is doing, but he knows if he ever gets caught thinking this way, he will be killed. The novel forms around the actions of Winston Smith as he navigates through a rough society while at time making the wrong choices.
Winston works at the Ministry of Truth, in newspeak (the language spoken in Oceania), Minitrue. He works to rectify what Big Brother predicted to always make him seem correct. Big Brother predicts numbers related to the war and then when he is wrong, Winston changes them to make him right. For example, Big Brother estimated two hundred casualties on the enemy’s side, but when only fifty died, Winston had to change the estimated numbers in the already published newspapers, to match the actual figures.
Winston goes home to write in a journal, but he is afraid to do so. In his journal he writes a...


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... they are released. Winston is changed person to the point where he doesn’t even want to think about anything rebellious. He sits at a café and smiles at the news of victory. The book communicates the theme that one can only be broken down completely once their inner most sacred thoughts are infiltrated. The book reflects on the idea of how difficult it is to really fully control a person. The government had to travel great lengths to ensure Winston’s loyalty, showing how difficult it is to fully control one’s mind. Orwell’s novel draws a strikingly vivid view of a dystopian society of a world we can become if we don’t challenge or think about what is injected into our minds. It empowers the reader to question vital elements of society, and prompt change. The novel is an inspiring work, one that can be considered one of the best works ever written in the 20th century.

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