Summarization Of Routine Activities Theory Essay

Summarization Of Routine Activities Theory Essay

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III. Summarization of Routine Activities Theory
A. Definition of routine activities approach.
According to Cohen and Felson (1979), routine activities approach relies on three main conditions to rationalize crime. These conditions need to coincide in the same space and time in order for a crime to occur: a motivated offender, suitable target and the absence of capable guardians to deter crime. The authors utilized human ecological theory to examine social structure, and how such coincidence takes place and cause crime in daily life. They believe that people lifestyles increase the opportunity for crime especially when they leave their homes (Cohen & Felson, 1979).
Children’s lifestyles could be an important factor in child sexual abuse cybercrimes as they are a bit different from adult lifestyles. If we explore children’s lifestyle in general, it is typically at home nearby their families. According to routine activities approach, children are safer given the circumstances. However, the internet still increases the opportunity for crime as it continues connecting people around the world and shortens distances. The world now is similar to a small village. Every time children access the internet, in reality, they step out of their doorsteps to a different world and this is why the internet becomes unsafe environment to them. In fact, child sexual abuse cybercrime at early stages could simply takes place in the child own room, where parents think it is the safest place for their child.
Another important aspect is that authors focus on the coincidence of space and time of all three factors for a crime to occur. Applying this approach to cybercrimes, I find it a little difficult to include space in the equation, as internet eliminated...

... middle of paper ...

...outine activities theory. In the virtual world, if there were no motivated offenders looking for children to abuse, it would have been a safer place for children. Not to mention that internet created an inviting environment for offenders to communicate with children. It appears that the author did not give motivated offenders major attention, as it did not have a direct relationship to child sexual abuse crime incidents compared to the other two factors based on the study findings.
The author shares with me the idea of how routine activities theory would be suitable to explain child sexual abuse crime incidents and how that enhances the theory by making it broader. This applicability was obvious in the study through child sexual abuse incidents increase especially when a suitable target and the absence of a capable guardian coincide in space and time (Andrews, 2004).

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