Substance Dependence And Substance Abuse Essay

Substance Dependence And Substance Abuse Essay

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Substance dependence also known as addiction is not a new issue in Australia or in the world. About 230 millions people of the world population are predicted to have used an illicit drug at least once in 2010.1 Meanwhile, in Australia, 15 % of Australian age 14 years and above had at some times used cannabis. 2 In 1964, WHO Expert Committee had changed the term “addiction” to “dependence”. The term can be used with reference to wide range of psychoactive drugs or to particular drug groups. 3 Dependence is described as physical or physiological dependence or both. Physical dependence basically means a physiological state characterized by development of tolerance to drugs or alcohol use and occurrence of a withdrawal effect during persistent absentees of the substances. In the mean time, physiological dependence is the emotional state of longing for the drugs. 4 Substance dependence can happen to anyone regardless of profession, race and gender.


Medical students are one of the groups that have high susceptibility to substance abuse. This is because they are highly exposed to risk of depression. As a medical student, I admit that I become stressful with assignment, examination, and hurdles. Therefore, it is not surprising to see some of medical students are getting involved with illicit substance abuse or even worse, suicide. Substance dependence can have a serious effect on the brain, which can easily makes an individuals loss their concentrations and judgments. Being a medical student at a young age and learning about different drugs indirectly will trigger your curiosity to know how the drugs really work. At first, an individual will try the drugs just for fun but eventually they become dependent on them and when they realize ab...


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...seri et al, it was shown that approximately 10%-15% of all health professionals would misuse drugs or alcohol at some time during their career. 7 These results clearly indicated that substance abuse amongst medical practitioners should be addressed as serious issues. And it required effort from all parties to manage this problem, as it is not only involved the welfare and health of the physician but also the patients. This assignment, had given me an opportunity to reflect on myself if I were involved directly or indirectly with substance dependence. It is a choice to be involved or not with substance dependence therefore always remember your love ones before making any decision. Again always pay attention to any colleges that shows any signs of dependence and reports any strange behaviour. Last but not least never be judgemental to others and help those who in need.

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