Substance abuse is the illegal use of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco for altering ones state of consciousness. One can ingest, inject, or inhale the substance to get the desired effect. Substance abuse dependence is categorized as psychological and physical. Psychological dependence is the craving and compulsive need for the substance; whereas, physical dependence, once hooked a person may experience physical withdrawal symptoms in addition to psychological dependence signs (Leifer, 2015). Pregnant women should consider what they are consuming once discovering they are pregnant. Exposure to drugs, alcohol, or tobacco will place the fetus at risk for birth defects that are entirely preventable. Studies have shown each year approximately 400,000 to 440,000 infants are affected by the mother’s abuse of substances ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2016) As of February 2016, 18 states consider substance abuse during pregnancy to be child abuse under civil child welfare statutes and mothers can now be prosecuted (Schub, Kornusky, 2016).
Risk factor that place women at risk for substance abuse
Most times before a woman conceives, she has or may have a substance abuse problem that trickled over before becoming pregnant. Most women with substance abuse problems do not show all the signs. Avoiding prenatal care, premature labor and delivery, placental abruption, and fetal death are just a few (Wilson, 2008). Therefore, when making the diagnoses, it up to the care provider to assess the patient history for risk factors associated with substance abuse. Factors that may affect pregnant women include alcoholism, stress from social en...
... middle of paper ...
... where a licensed physician could manage the withdrawal symptoms medically. Therefore, women are prescribed medication that could aide in the side effects against withdrawals. Medications used for drugs abuse is methadone or buprenorphine to relive the cravings and suppress withdrawal symptom. Medication for alcoholism is nalterxone to block cravings, and acamprosate to reduce anxiety and restlessness. Medication given to treat tobacco use is bupropion and chantix that works on the brain to prevent relapses in mothers trying to quit (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2016). As nurses, we could educate the mothers on the importance of breastfeeding to prevent neonatal withdrawal symptoms, how to utilize coping mechanisms to avoid substance use, and educate that relapse is common and a good supporting network can help in the recovery process (Schub, Kornusky, 2016).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Substance Abuse during Pregnancy Is it justified to prosecute women who used substances during their pregnancy that caused an effect on the child. Pregnant women hold the most accountability in regards to what happens to the fetus developing inside their body and if they put the fetus’s health at risk and there is an effect detected after birth, they should be held responsible as well. Comparing this accountability on a different scale, these situations relate to a person’s accountability and owning up to the responsibility of their actions.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Abortion, Infant]
1383 words (4 pages)
- Approximately 26 million Americans will suffer with a substance abuse problem during their lifetime. (Coleman & Kay, 1998). Substance abuse among women during pregnancy is more prevalent than generally realized with approximately 25 percent of pregnant women using illicit drugs. Substance abuse is more common among women of reproductive age (ages 15-44) than among the general population. In 1992, more than 5 percent of the 4 million women who gave birth in the United States used illegal drugs while they were pregnant.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Childbirth, Heroin]
1749 words (5 pages)
- a. “Each year, an estimated 400,000 to 440,000 infants or nearly 10-11% of all births are affected by prenatal alcohol or illicit drug exposure,” states the National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare (“Substance-Exposed Infants”). b. Whether women should be responsible for any harm that comes to an infant from prenatal substance abuse during pregnancy is an ongoing debate not only in the bioethical world, but in people’s everyday discussions. c. Substance abuse is not only connected with physical and mental short and long term effects on infants during pregnancy, but is also linked with a number of troubles in the United States such as violence, and the spreading of HIV.... [tags: Pregnancy, Addiction, Fetus, Drug addiction]
1406 words (4 pages)
- ... The rule wasn’t just a pointless number; it was set for a reason and in order to keep people safe it should be followed. The next growing issue that seems to be occurring all over the U.S. is teenagers and smoking weed, chewing tobacco, smoking cigarettes, and participating in other harmful drug use. Teenagers can start using drugs for multiple reasons. Many try drugs out of curiosity, to party and have a good time, pressure put on by their friends, to relieve stress, anxiety, and depression.... [tags: teenage pregnancy, substance abuse]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- Introduction Substance abuse has progressively become a growing epidemic in the United States, with an average of 23.5 million Americans addicted to alcohol and other drugs (Join Together Staff Writer, 2010). This is estimated to one in every 10 Americans, ages 12 and over who are struggling with addiction. Among those affected by alcohol and substance related dependencies are pregnant women with nicotine addiction. Over the years there have been countless studies and breakthroughs on the substance of nicotine, pregnant women and their nicotine consumption.... [tags: Tobacco, Nicotine, Childbirth, Pregnancy]
1273 words (3.6 pages)
- Perinatal Substance Abuse – Cries for Help As a registered nurse that works on one of the largest labor and delivery units in Iowa, I have the wonderful opportunity to see the gift of life being given and couples turning into families on a daily basis. I also unfortunately see the many issues expectant women face in this country, including but not limited to domestic abuse, alcoholism, and substance abuse. In this social justice project I am looking to gather information surrounding the topic of maternal substance abuse during pregnancy.... [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Drug addiction]
844 words (2.4 pages)
- Abstinence of substance abuse among pregnant women is an important key in maintaining a healthy, full term pregnancy by reducing the risks to the infant and mother related to the consumption of teratogens. By utilizing science-based research, Healthy People 2020 seeks to identify and improve the overall health of the nation’s population by providing measurable goals and objectives that are designed to promote health and disease prevention in people of all ages. In an effort to increase the understanding and awareness related to maternal and infant health, Healthy People 2020 has set up a framework of multiple goals, including a goal to elevate the number of women who refrain from substance u... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Fetus, Infant]
1061 words (3 pages)
- Today this paper will be talking about substance abuse effects on neonates. The disease associated with this is called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). “These substances cross the placenta and can cause dependency in the fetus. The newborn is at risk for a spectrum of withdrawal manifestations (e.g., autonomic dysfunction, respiratory distress, gastrointestinal compromise) that can necessitate prolonged treatment, intensive monitoring, and extended hospitalization and can result in impaired maternal-infant bonding, as well as short- and long-term adverse effects on neurodevelopment” (Davidson, Schub, 2016, p.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Infant, Addiction]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- It is crucial for a woman to maintain a good health throughout the whole pregnancy stage. Not only for her sake but also for the well-being of the yet to be born baby. Anything that is consumed during a pregnancy will affect both the mother and the growing fetus (child). Once a woman gets pregnant it is recommended that she changes her eating habits, exercise, the regular visit to the doctor office and make the changes that are needed for a healthy pregnancy. Most importantly, a pregnant woman should always avoid substances abuse because of the threat that they pose.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Fetus]
1078 words (3.1 pages)
- Social History ( Vignette) Simone Harrison a 25 year old African American female, who is 6 months pregnant and unemployed, arrived at the University Hospital's Women Clinic in Oakland, CA for prenatal care. Ms. Harrison made the appointment because she has not been feeling well lately. During the intake process , she discloses to the nurse that this is only her second visit to the doctor since finding out she was pregnant. Ms. Harrison's records also contain information about her mental status, most notably that she was diagnosed with schizophrenia in 2009.... [tags: Social History, Pregnancy, Mental Health]
1405 words (4 pages)