The independent variable throughout this study has been theories of crime and these theories were adapted from Sims 2003 scale, “The impact of causal attribution on correctional ideology”. There were several different theories within the scale that can explain an individual’s attit...
... middle of paper ...
... in urban environments; results may become significant.
The ensuing study was conducted to prove the two hypotheses, person’s theory of crime or causal attribution will influence punitiveness and that criminology and sociology majors will be more punitive than non-majors. However, after running a Spearman correlation and a factorial ANOVA, the tests failed to find support for both of the research hypotheses. The only variable that showed significance was labeling theory; which was one of the theories inside the causal attributions. For any future studies within the topic of punitiveness, social theories and majors, the researcher should involve more participants from various demographics and backgrounds. Diving more into the labeling theory to observe why this was the only significant variable within the whole study would be great step to take with further research.
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