Essay on The Struggle For Freedom From British Colonial Government

Essay on The Struggle For Freedom From British Colonial Government

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The view of the Mau Mau oath has changed immensely since the Kikuyu started to implement it during their fight for freedom from the British colonial government. During the Emergency, the Kikuyu used an oath to unite all their brothers and sisters. This oath was perceived by the white colonizers of Kenya as a regression to barbarism and a response to the collapse of ‘tribal custom ‘ in the face of Western ‘Civilization’. Many settlers in Kenya shared this view, Louis (Seymour Bazett) Leakey shows in Defeating Mau Mau 1954, an unsympathetic view of the movement. Later on, after three ground breaking memoirs by Mau Mau adharents, J.M. Kariuki, Karari Njamas, Warohiu Itotes, people 's views on the organization began to shift. Since then many more personal accounts have come to light, and studied. In her book Imperial Reckoning, Caroline Elkins has gathered all the information available on the movement, and able to summarize an accurate account of the event. The discussion of the oath has been continuously debated.
The construction of the Lunatic Express fostered British colonization in Kenya to skyrocket, creating a division between the well-capitalized colonizers and kikuyu people. The Kikuyu are the largest tribal group in Kenya, located in central Kenya, near what is called the White Highlands and the capital Nairobi. The Kikuyu people undergoed massive exploitation by the Colonial government, going from the only people in the lands to the bottom of the hierarchy scale. The British gave massive amounts of kikuyu land to colonizers to capitalize. With more settlers moving into Kenya, and the growth of the Kikuyu population expanded, the Kikuyu were pushed into smaller land portions. Over the years Kikuyu became educated through...


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...wisted and joined to form rings. The eyes, thorax, and ngata (a bone connecting the head and spinal column with holes around it) were all removed. Eyes were placed on a 15-inch banana stalk, which was hollowed out. The banana stalk also had clusters of seven kei-apple thorns, and sodom apples fixed to the three sides. The object was a vase which contained a mixture of goat 's blood, soil and crushed grains. Next to them stood a five foot arch, constructed of long banana stalks dug into the ground and joined on the top. Placed on the banana arch were other plants like sugarcane, and maize stalks. Then the ngata was placed hanging down the middle of the arch. Each initiate wore a ring of twisted goatskin around his neck. His right hand held a ball of soil against his stomach. Standing in front of the arch he passed through it seven times, repeating the following vows:

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