The Structure And Function Of The Nhs Essay

The Structure And Function Of The Nhs Essay

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National Health Service is a system operating in the United Kingdom whereby ratepayers contribute to the health care of all, including people who are not citizens and everyone who has been in the UK at the time of them needing treatment. In 1948, the NHS has been established at that time and it has developed to become the world’s largest publicly funded health service. It is also one of the most effective, more equal and more inclusive in the community. Although funding is provided centrally by national taxation the NHS in England, Scotland and Wales are managed separately. This essay will discuss the structure and function of the NHS in England.
On April 2013, the organisation structure of the NHS changed following the Health and Social care Act (2012) and it contains at the top the Secretary of State has overall responsibility of the work the Department of Health (DH) which gives strategies leadership for public health, the NHS and social care in England. The DH is a ministerial department, supported by 23 agencies and public bodies. The Chief Medical Officer is the UK government’s principal medical and scientific adviser, the professional lead for doctors in England, and the professional lead of all directors of public health in local government. The Medical Director of NHS England is responsible for clinical policy and strategy, promoting a focus on clinical outcomes, enhancing clinical leadership and promoting innovation. The Chief Nursing Officer is the professional guide for nurses and midwives in England and oversees quality improvements in patient safety and patient experience. The NHS in England is an independent body, at arm’s length to the government. The important role of NHS England is to improve health outcomes f...


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...arers, patients, and the public in the development of its guidance and other products. The Health and Social Care Information Centre works as collecting data, analysing and publishing national data and statistical information and will deliver national IT systems and services. The NHS Litigation Authority is responsible to solve problems and help the NHS to improve patient safety. The Care Quality Commission (CQC) looks for that people of England should get a good quality of care and it ensures that people are treated with dignity and compassion. The Healthwatch England works as a part of the CQC. Monitor supports and promotes the benefits of people using health services by making sure that the NHS services are efficient and giving value for money. Licensing providers of health care will be the one main tool, Monitor will use to do this (Department of Health 2013).

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