Stress a Significant Factor in Modern Day Life Essay

Stress a Significant Factor in Modern Day Life Essay

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Stress is a significant factor in modern day life and has affected everybody at some point in their lives. In this essay I am going to describe and evaluate potential sources of stress and how it can affect the body, and also methods of treatment for stress. Stress is a state of arousal which triggers the ‘Fight or flight’ mechanism, which initiates when a subject experiences fear. Adrenaline is released into the blood stream which reduces reaction times, heightens the physical senses and releases a burst of energy to the muscles, making the individual temporarily physically stronger, more alert and a have a higher tolerance to pain. This process can and has saved many lives as it is an important safety mechanism that is innate to humans and animals to keep us away from danger or to fight danger. However, the effects of stress can also have a negative effect upon a persons’ health, and in the most extreme cases can be fatal. General Adaptation Syndrome is a form of ‘Bad’ stress, is not a survival mechanism but prolonged exposure to stress. ‘Bad’ stress can accumulate (accumulative stress) from things such as noise, money worries, school work, bereavement, misbehaving children or being over worked.

Although stress is not very easy to define and can be largely subjective in nature, the common acceptances in both Psychology and Biology is that stress is a negative impact upon a persons physical or mental well being. Homeostasis is a concept where all the biochemical processes of the body are in a state or equilibrium, the body working in harmony, but is constantly in contact with internal and external stimulus that can disrupt homeostasis, this imbalance in homeostasis can also be defined as stress. Others believe stress is simpl...


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...is is not always possible or achievable, and prolonged and excessive exposure to stress can lead to high health risks including heart attack, depression and a general lower quality of health than in other people.
Other ways to deal with stress or anxiety is the use of drugs, particularly tranquilisers like Diazepam. Diazepam is an addictive drug similar to the effects in the brain by barbiturates. The negatives about these drugs is that they impair judgment and slow reaction times, making the person unsafe to drive a car, operate heavy machinery or respond as effectively to emergency situations. Beta-blockers are also a form of drug that can lessen the effects of anxiety cause by stress by slowing the heart rate, slowing down the bodies reactions and thus the anxiety itself. (The Problem of Using Tranquilizers to Relieve Stress - Yahoo! Voices - voices.yahoo.com).

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