Essay on Strengths Of The Roman Empire

Essay on Strengths Of The Roman Empire

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There were several strengths of the Roman Empire which enabled it to survive for more than four hundred years. These strengths included a strong foundation, having been built off of the Roman Republic; the standardization across the empire of many aspects of life, such as language, law, and especially the extension of citizenship, which made the empire more cohesive and easier to rule; and strong leaders, who were able to utilize the manipulation of the upper class and Senate, and the management of the military.
One of the greatest strengths of the Roman Empire was the strong foundation on which it was built. When the empire was founded in 27 BC, the systems which had been created by the Republic were already in place. Rome as a Republic had been very strong. Huge territories had been conquered, expanding the borders of Rome. Therefore, when the Roman Empire was formed it already had much of its territory. There were still certain important territories left unconquered, but many of these would be conquered in the early years of the empire. Several important territories, such as the those along the German boundary, had not yet been extended to what would become the empire’s full expanse. The extension of the German boundary all the way to the Danube River was a very important acquisition because it made the boundaries more easily defensible. However, many of the borders of the empire were already in place at the time of its founding. In addition, much of the infrastructure, such as the roads which connected the various towns and cities of the empire and, in many of the towns, the public works such as sewers and aqueducts, was also already in place. With these systems established, early rulers were able to focus on enhancing those ...


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...very difficult if not virtually impossible. As future emperors attempted to extend aspects of the empire to these outlying areas, their power to do so was challenged by external influences. All of this caused an erosion of the cohesion which the standardization had brought, especially when the empire was divided between East and West. Lastly, as emperors stopped effectively using the strengths which had been used by past emperors, specifically the manipulation of the upper class and the Senate, the empire grew gradually weaker. Unable to manage such a massive empire virtually alone, even strong emperors were often left in weak positions, unable to deal with the frequent Germanic intrusions and military revolts. In short, many of the things which enabled the Roman Empire to survive for over 400 years were also the things which ultimately led to or enabled its downfall.

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