To gain an accurate understanding of strain theories it is best to first examine their intellectual foundations. One of the most important influences on the development of strain theories was sociologist Emile Durkheim. A structural functionalist, Durkheim argued that deviance and crime were not only normal, but also served a function in society. Durkheim believed that crime served the purpose of displaying to members of society what behaviours and actions are considered unacceptable as determined by societal co...
... middle of paper ...
...y are bombarded from birth that they should desire and pursue money, power, fame, and success. Without achieving these goals they are seen as failures. Strain theories have shown that placing too much emphasis on individual success and the pursuit of happiness through the accumulation of power and wealth, can lead to an increase in crime.
Featherstone, R., & Deflem, M. (2003). Anomie and strain: Context and consequences of Merton’s two theories. Sociological Inquiry, 73(4), 471-489.
Murphy, D., & Robinson, M. (2008). The maximizer: clarifying Merton’s theories of anomie and strain. Theoretical Criminology, 12(4), 501-521.
Willis, C. (1982). Durkheim’s concept of anomie: Some observations. Sociological Inquiry, 52(2), 106-113.
Williams, F., & McShane, M. (2010). Criminological Theory, (5th Edition). New Brunswick, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
How do Differential Association Theories best Demonstrate that Criminal Behaviour is a ‘Learned Behaviour’
- Differential association theory was Sutherland’s major sociological contribution to criminology, similar in importance to strain theory and social control theory. These theories all explain deviance in terms of the individual’s social relationship. Sutherland’s theory make tracks from the pathological perspective and biological perspective by features the cause of crime to the social context of individuals. “He rejected biological determinism and the extreme individualism of psychiatry, as well as economic explanation of crime.... [tags: crimes,differential association,social learning]
1008 words (2.9 pages)
- Theory can be described in many ways, and most of the times are used to label certain traits, features or characteristics of a particular person, group, or category. According to Miller (2005), “A theory is a well-substantiated explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can incorporate laws, hypotheses and facts” (para. 1). In the simplest of terms, theories are concepts or more of a collection of concepts about an area of concern or interest which facilitate and give an explanation, prediction, or intervention which is gathered by research and experiments.... [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Working class]
1867 words (5.3 pages)
- INTRODUCTION The social learning development can be traced back in the work of Robert L. Burgess and Ronald L. Akers in 1966, while displayed in their effort called differential association reinforcement theory of criminal behaviour. The earlier sociological theory of differential association and developmental psychological reinforcement were combined on that process .The deviant behaviour is associated with the work published by Ronald L. Aker’s and this has turned to be regular element in criminology .The social learning approach in 1973.Social learning theory has been constant vital element of our comprehending for both unlawful and lawful acts ,over the most recent 30 years .Since it... [tags: deviant, social, conditioning]
2839 words (8.1 pages)
- Holding Parents Responsible for the Anti-Social and Criminal Behaviour of their Children The case for holding parents responsible for the anti-social and criminal behaviour of their children has been long disputed. This essay will assess whether parents should in fact be held responsible or whether the child should be punished for their behaviour. Many areas will be discussed, the first of which will be the historical context of criminalizing motherhood. The first issue in this section is whether family factors, such as poor parental supervision, are an influence on behaviour as investigated by researchers such as the Committee for Investigating the Causes of the... [tags: Papers]
1622 words (4.6 pages)
- As future law enforcement officials, we understand it is imperative for police officers to understand and know the law to be able to enforce it. It is also important for police officers to have an understanding of why people commit criminal and deviant acts. If they understood why the person committed the crime, they might be able to go to the root of the problem to try to prevent other people from committing similar crimes. There are many different theories developed by criminologists that try to pinpoint why people engage in criminal or deviant behaviour.... [tags: criminology, strain theory, bullying]
1462 words (4.2 pages)
- The applications of these theories encompass contributing social environments that are synonymous with the work ethics being fostered in corporate deviant behaviourisms. One ideology in particular, the “American Dream” is attacked as a promoter of this through its means of success being defined in culture as monetary gain and social status as the way of life (Schoepfer, 2006, p. 4-9). This mentality is adapted to the corporate world as a dominant coalition amongst business practices is developed whereupon a group of interdependent individuals who share a common interest remains dominant in its ability to force organizations to function in accord with their goals and knowingly abuse this uniq... [tags: Corporate Crime]
2330 words (6.7 pages)
- Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, causes , and prevention of criminal behavior both on the individual and social levels. From study of crime several schools of thoughts were created. From these schools emerged the rational choice theory and the strain theory.The rational choice theory suggests that people choose to commit crime after weighing the pros and cons. While strain theory suggests that people have similar ideas and goal.However not everyone have the opportunities so turn to crime.... [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Rational choice theory]
1540 words (4.4 pages)
- Criminological theories interpret the competing paradigms of Human Nature, Social Order, Definition of Crime, Extent and Distribution of Crime, Causes of Crime, and Policy, differently. Even though these theories have added to societies understanding of criminal behaviour, all have been unable to explain why punishment or treatment of offenders is unable to prevent deviancy, and thus are ineffective methods of control. The new penology is a contemporary response that favours the management of criminals by predicting future harm on society.... [tags: Models of Criminology]
3235 words (9.2 pages)
- This essay will crucially consider whether there is inequalities within the criminal justice system between mothers and fathers, this will analyses a lot of statistics about males and females within prison with ratios of mothers in prison and that is compared to fathers, also compare between the crime and relations to the crime to show a clear cut understanding if there is or isn’t inequalities. The essay will discuss criminological theories linking in to how crime is seen in society the differences of each gender having committed the same crime the theories that will be used is, feminist theory which will focus on how mothers end up in prison and also how they are treated differently to fat... [tags: Male, Females, Mothers, Fathers]
2491 words (7.1 pages)
- The Three Main Theories of Deviance and Their Strengths and Weaknesses A functionalist analysis of deviance looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than in the biological or psychological nature of the individual. Although functionalists agree that social control mechanisms such as the police and the courts are necessary to keep deviance in check, many argue that a certain amount of deviance can contribute to the well-being of society. Durkhiem (1895) believed that: * Crime is an 'integral part of all healthy societies'.... [tags: Papers Deviance Sociology Essays]
2010 words (5.7 pages)