Storm waters are widely used in many different areas, even required in some. They are a vital tool that helps keep streams healthy. Storm water ponds are used to capture, control, and filter all kinds of runoff that could be from anything like parking lots to roof tops. The use of storm water ponds is essential to slow the flow of water down, filter out toxins, and improve the health of streams for aquatic life and for consumption purposes. All of that is in efforts to protect local streams.
The way storm water ponds work, they collect runoff, of course, it then slows the water. This is done so that it will hold long enough to allow gravity to pull out sediments from the water and allows sunlight and biochemical systems to break down toxins and pollutants before they can continue into local water streams. These ponds are around 4-6 feet in depth to provide the proper treatment and capture of sediment. There are different types of storm water ponds. Wet ponds and dry ponds. A dry pond holds water for a short period of time and is designed in such a way so that it will only stay for about 48-72 hours. Some dry ponds can resemble a large grassy low area. When it rains, it fills with water, water quality is improved, and this also lessens the effect of erosion. Another name for a dry pond is detention pond. Wet ponds, or retention ponds, hold a permanent pool of water throughout the year. Their purpose is to remove pollutants by allowing soil to settle as water slowly moves for one end of this pond to the other. These ponds are typically smaller than dry ponds. Wet ponds water level can change drastically though due to rain or the absence of rain. Dry ponds seem to be more common only because they do not cost as mu...
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...es for highly experimental grounds. These ponds make for a little habitat for many types of species to thrive and for our streams to thrive as well. Our very own storm water pond, for example, is home to a fair amount of varieties of ducks and geese.
In conclusion, untreated runoff from storms is the one of the leading sources of water pollution. This consists of 80% to 95% of heavy metals. Project however that restore the damages done have demonstrated that the effects of storm water pollution can be fixed. Runoff is going to eventually enter our water resources, by stopping the pollution at the entrance it changes the game, instead of having to purify the water once it is going to be used for consumption. Wet or dry ponds, they all serve a purpose and all play a role in our communities by keeping toxins out of our water systems. They should be greatly respected.
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