Our first hypothesis, that men and women would not differ on pre and post-tests in the control group was correct. We expected there to be no gender differences in the control group because our research shows that without priming negative stereotypes women and men do not differ on performance (Spencer, Claude, & Dianne, 1999.) This result is not surprising; men and women are neither smarter nor dumber than each other.
Our second hypothesis was not supported. We predicted that women in the condition of sports affiliation and gender would outperform women primed with only gender. There was no significant difference. We believed that priming women with gender would make them perform worse due to stereotype threat (Spencer, Claude, & Steel 1999). To counter that effect, we believed that the positive impacts of sports like lower-stress levels, higher posi...
... middle of paper ...
... done on this to see if this finding is replicable. Another implication comes from our finding that women are significantly positively impacted by sports priming. This is odd because it did not, in turn, buffer against the gender priming. As seen in figure two, the two conditions primed together lead to a decrease in positive impacts compared to each condition on its own. This coupled with the background research on women soccer players (primed in the same way) that had positive results (Martiny et al., 2015) makes no sense. Our findings did not replicate theirs so this means more research in this field needs to be done. Lastly, the finding that sports priming is significantly better than gender priming implies that sports do seem to have a positive impact on people and this is more than enough reason to pursue further research on the buffering effects of athletics.
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