Stem Cell Research Essay

Stem Cell Research Essay

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Stem cells are biological cells found in all multi cellular organisms. They have a unique feature of a remarkable potential to self renew and form other specialized types of cells in addition, they are able to produce more stem cells found in the human body. Scientists confirmed the existence of three different types of stem cell, the embryonic stem cell, adult stem cell and the induced stem cell. Among these three stem cells, the embryonic stem cells are regarded as the cells with the highest potential because they can cell divide themselves to form over the 220 different types of cells found in the human body. While this is the case in embryonic stem cells , the adult stem cells are termed as insufficiently functional because these cells with time specialize into specific organs hence they are able to only form a small number of new different cell types.
It’s only until recently in 2006 that the scientific researchers made another discovery after they were able to identify conditions that would allow them to use adult stem cells through changing their genetic construction to form a new type of cell called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Advance research about the stem cell research continues to be conducted as many find it as a fascinating modern-day biology discovery. Research on this field has over the years raised queries with the main opposition coming from religious and social conservatives who are also known as pro life activists among other law officials and medical ethicists.
This paper sets to discuss the controversial ethical issue about the research whereby, the discussions will primarily focus on the supporting and the opposing views that relate to the issue including the ethical and legal issues surround...


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