Criminal punishments had become the primary target of middle-class reformation efforts. During the time period, sanctions were crude even with petty crimes, resulting in a torturous physical penalties, such as execution. With the middle class, what disturbed them the most is, how in many countries, juries began declining convicted defendants that were accused of trivial offenses. Their excuse was because the punishments were so grossly out of balance to the crimes. With this existence of cruel penalties, implied that, in form, all other crimes and property of mediated harshness, often no discipline was carried at all. The middle class took advantage of making penalties forbearant, so juries would freely impose on them. Among France and all of the other countries, Europeans’ faith in the criminal justice ...
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.... The influence the Cesare Beccaria brought to the United States was a mixture of good ideas and timing. Beccaria saw the state of crisis in the late 1700s among the American colonies, which lead to break out of the Revolutionary War in 1775. After the surrender of Britain, the United States of America came to face the obstacle of establishing a federal government. Notable people who were instrumental in the years of constructing the U.S Constitution and Bill of Rights were Enlightment followers, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Jefferson and Adams held Beccaria to the highest esteem, where his principles of due process and trial by jury, became ingrained into the features of modern, civilized governments, such as the United States. In the end, Cesare Beccaria holds a center stage within the topic of criminology, macro-level criminology, and the rehabilitation ideal.
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