Essay about The State as One Actor Amongst Many

Essay about The State as One Actor Amongst Many

Length: 1999 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The sovereign nature of states is a topic that has come into question towards the end of the last century. Many advancements and changes, both within and outside borders, have brought into some doubt whether the state is indeed as strong an actor within its borders as it once was. By analysing internal and external influences on the governments of the UK and USA in the twentieth century, it is possible to judge how the nature of power has changed. I will argue that a gradual progression of events, in particular marketisation of the economy and growing dependence on supranational bodies such as the EU and the international economy, have clearly reduced the state to an actor that still retains some control, but is struggling for sovereignty against external interference and internal competition.
There are two competing schools of thought at work, each with underlying principles and answers to the aforementioned question. Postmodernists agree that the state has become “one actor amongst many”. Postmodernism “depends upon a radical rejection of the past and of all attempts to use the past to understand the present,” and rejects “that history can be interpreted as moving towards a definite goal.” (Gamble, 2000:20-21) Postmodernists also see the decision-making process as pluralistic, spread across departments and organisations with different goals and specialisations, and no one group having absolute power. This means that they see the state as increasingly “hollow”, with recent political changes, due to the delegation of responsibility and use of multiple actors. Late modernity, on the other hand, is the theory that we are still in a state of modernity; that society is developing in a unilinear and purposeful way with clear hierarchy....


... middle of paper ...


...R.D. (1980). Free to choose. San Diego: Harvest Book. pp. 54–64.
Gamble, A. (2000). Politics and fate. Cambridge, UK: Polity. pp. 20-21.
Hague, R. & Harrop, M. (2010). Comparative government and politics, eighth edition. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 80.
Hood, C. (1991). ‘A public management for all seasons?’, Public Administration, 69(1). pp. 3–19.
Ohmae, K. (1990). The borderless world. London, UK: HarperCollins. pp. 17–20.
Osborne, D. and Gaebler, T. (1992). Reinventing Government: how the entrepreneurial spirit is transforming the public sector. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. pp. 30¬–34.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1950). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. New York: Harper. pp. 269–283.
Smith, M. (2009). Power and the state. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 89–108
Strange, S. (1996). The retreat of the state. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 82–87.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

What a Non-State Actor Is in International Affairs Essay example

- ... Societies are built on ideologies, so it needs to incorporate reason. Leaders have to be elected as a result of merit without resulting to favors as is the case in many democracies most of which could practice autocratic rule . When talking about international relations, this doesn’t imply that the focus is only based on how a specific country may be governed but rather how the political nature may be, due to different experiences amongst countries. Countries do thrive in the eyes of the international community....   [tags: cooperation amongst countries]

Strong Essays
1866 words (5.3 pages)

Globalization and State Sovereignty Essay

- INTRODUCTION There is an undeniable fact that there has been a rise in globalization. It has become a hot topic amongst the field of international politics. With the rise of globalization, the sovereignty of the state is now being undermined. It has become an undisputed fact that the world has evolved to a new level of globalization, the transferring goods, information, ideas and services around the globe has changed at an unimaginable rate. With all that is going on, one would question how globalization has changed the system that is typically a collection of sovereign states....   [tags: Globalization Essays]

Strong Essays
1784 words (5.1 pages)

Free From Society, Chained And Justice Essay

- Free From Society, Chained to Justice From the heart of Puritan society to the largest stages of California, the theatrical story of Esther Rodgers planted itself on the shore’s of the largest stage in the United States. Present day society has been riveted with the plight of our ancestors, riveted to the point of morbid obsession. I have always felt the subtle pull towards the lives of those on the big stages. They live lives so different from my own, that I resort to morbid staring as if they were a simple side show....   [tags: Actor, Theatre, Puritan, United States]

Strong Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Kanye West: Successful, Paid, Dropout Essay

- Rapper, producer, fashion designer, and actor; what does Kanye West not do. Ever since 1999, West has been using the world as his personal show to exploit all his talents. A person like this must have gone to a great university and gotten a great degree. Truth is, he didn’t. Actually, he never even graduated and was automatically considered a dropout who would never make it anywhere. Through College Dropout, Late Registration and Graduation, and his personal lifestyle, Kanye West demonstrates that in the 21st century, a self-made man can break the status quo....   [tags: Rapper, Producer, Fashion Designer, Actor]

Strong Essays
1402 words (4 pages)

French Neoclassical Theatre And The State, Monarchy And Theatre Essays

- French Neoclassical Theatre was primarily about testing the relationship with the state, monarchy and theatre itself in the sense of social standards and using theatre as a tool for politics. ‘Theatre which not only mirrored the political structure of Louis XIV’s France, but also served in its way as an organ or absolutist policy’ (Howarth, 1995, 220). Though Greek Theatre was notorious for its reputation of being the foundation of contemporary theatre, French Neoclassical Drama was Greek Theatre’s progression into a contemporary setting....   [tags: Social class, Working class, Middle class]

Strong Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)

The Evolution of the European Union into a Full Supranational Federal State

- The Evolution of the European Union into a Full Supranational Federal State Is it both likely and desirable that the European Union will gradually evolve into a full supranational federal state. In order to elaborate on the statement above, one has to become familiar with the process of European Integration; therefore I would first like to show a quick overview of the history of the EU. After the WWII it has become clear that the best possible way to reinstate Europe’s leading position in the global political and economic arena was through some form of mutual cooperation amongst the leading European nations....   [tags: European Union Essays]

Strong Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Realism - The State is the Most Important Actor Essay

- Realism - The State is the Most Important Actor Introduction During the latter half of the 20th century, the realist theory has been criticized as an outdated method which can no longer sufficiently explain the actions of the global community. Critics point to liberalism, another widely accepted theory, as the successor of realism as the dominant theory of international relations. Opponents of realism assert that the Democratic Peace theory is evidence that the theory of realism is no longer complete....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
2068 words (5.9 pages)

Essay about Life Of Being An Actor

- “Living in the Moment” “Acting is not about being someone different. It’s finding the similarity in what is apparently different, then finding myself in there.” ― Meryl Streep. I love exploring and gaining knowledge about the beautiful craft of acting. During my journey of being an actor, I notice there are two types of actors: stage and film. Stage and film actors are different in their times of rehearsal, their relationship with an audience, and their emotional challenges....   [tags: Actor, Film, Theatre, Performance]

Strong Essays
802 words (2.3 pages)

Acting Is The Work Of An Actor Or Actress Essay

-  Acting is the work of an actor or actress, which is a person in theatre, television, film, or any other storytelling medium who tells the story by portraying a character and, usually, speaking or singing the written text or play. Most early sources in the West that examine the art of acting discuss it as part of rhetoric. Definition and history One of the first actors is believed to be an ancient Greek called Thespis of Icaria. An apocryphal story says that Thespis stepped out of the dithyrambic chorus and spoke to them as a separate character....   [tags: Actor, Constantin Stanislavski, Stella Adler]

Strong Essays
1272 words (3.6 pages)

Hamlet As A Good Actor Essay

- Hamlet being a good actor. Act III, scene ii, when Hamlet is telling the actors how they should perform in front of Claudius can also have another meaning in which Shakespeare is telling the actors who will act out “Hamlet” how they should act it. Shakespeare is describing in detail how he wants the actors act, thus that they should all act natural and do not use too many gestures, speaking this through Hamlets words. Shakespeare could also be saying that he doesn’t want them to add anything of their own to the play, he want the play to be exactly the way he wrote it....   [tags: Hamlet, William Shakespeare, Actor, Acting]

Strong Essays
1065 words (3 pages)