How It Started
Slavery grew in the 1800s due to the demand for more workers to help on plantations, particularly in the southern states. The northern states didn't need slaves because they didn't have as many large farms as the south did. These slaves were imported by large ships from Africa and sent all over the world such as Portuguese America, British America (minus North America), Spanish Empire, French Americas, British North America, English Americas, Dutch West Indies, and Danish West Indies.  These plantation slaves planted and picked cotton from sunrise until sunset. They worked the longest out of all the slaves.
In the homes of the slave owners, they had house slaves. These slaves were generally treated better by the slave owner and their family. They did jobs such as household tasks like doing the dishes and doing the laundry. Often these slaves were treated as one of the family because they were always in the house helping.
Some slaves trained to become factory workers, construction workers, working on canals or on roads. They also became dockworkers, office workers, riverboat pilots, and lumber jacks. 
There were many different types of slave owners. Some were very nice to their slaves and often rewarded them with money or gifts. But there were also very cruel slave owners who harshly punished their slaves on ...
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...never ever traveled during the day in fear of getting captured and returned to their owners. It happened in fourteen states but mostly in Indiana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the New England states.  The line between freedom and slavery was called the Mason Dixon Line and it's located on the border of Pennsylvania and Maryland. 
Another large part in the abolition of slavery was the involvement of the sixteenth president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. He was against slavery which made him quite controversial during that time. He was the one to propose the Emancipation Proclamation at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.  Abraham Lincoln had many mixed views on slavery and he even married into a slave owner family. But despite that, he did help with the abolition of slavery which earned him the title of The Great Emancipator. 
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