Taxpayers are another larger stakeholder in this debate. Their claim arises from the fact that the government is taking their earnings. This often raises debates about the ethics of requiring taxes (essentially taking from those who worked or earned it), often wealth redistribution and whether or not it is right for the government to decide what to do with your mon...
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...attempting to enact a plan that was more “even” than a flat tax would be targeted. However, as discussed already this is a false perception as a flat tax, proportionately affects no one equally. A taxpayer’s preference would depend on their income levels as discussed. Therefore, lower-income taxpayers would fundamentally prefer a progressive tax system because it places far less burden on them, the middle class would slightly side with a progressive tax because a flat tax would mean more tax because it taxes solely wages which are this class’s main source of income. Business would much prefer a flat tax because only wages are taxed, dividends, capital gains, savings, and investments are left untouched. Therefore, most of society would agree with a progressive system, according to both Universalism and Rawls’ distributive just theories would agree with this statement.
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