Stages of Development: Erikson vs. Freud Essay

Stages of Development: Erikson vs. Freud Essay

Length: 1455 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1905 Sigmund Freud theorized that childhood development happens in stages, which are called “Psychosexual Development Stages.” In 1950 Erik Erikson developed “Psychosocial Stages,” which are greatly influenced by Freud’s theories. Freud’s theory centers on psychosexual energy or the libido. Erickson’s theory centers on issues and tasks being met at specific ages. Even though we are sexual beings, our developmental stages do not focus entirely on sexual pleasures. Both theories do show that personality develops in stages. Although, Erickson’s theory is the better theory.
A few differences, is Freud’s theory focuses on sexual pleasure, and when failure occurs the individual becomes fixated on that failure, which could lead to personality disorders. Erickson’s theory centers on tasks, and issues needing to be completed at specific ages. He believed that if one fails to complete a stage successfully, they move on to the next stage with remnants of the previous stage. Those unfinished remnants, could follow an individual into adulthood and lead to problems in relationships, both with partners and with children that they conceive.
The first stage is age’s birth through one. Freud calls this stage the Oral Stage. The main source of pleasure is derived through the mouth such as eating, sucking, and tasting. The child can develop trust with the caregiver since they are the source of feeding the child. McLeod said, “Freud said oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation in later life. We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers” (McLeod 11). Erickson calls this stage trust vs. mistrust. This is one of the most important stages in a child’s life. The chil...


... middle of paper ...


...pped it will not necessarily scar us for life. If a part is skipped in Erikson’s theory, it could lead to mental issues, like depression or psychosis. The whole person concept as both base and mental is a necessary part of development. That is what makes Erikson’s theory better.











Works Cited

McLeod, Saul. "Erik Erikson." Psychosocial Stages - Simply Psychology. N.p., 2008. Web. 5 Oct 2013. .
McLeod, Saul. “Psychosexual Stages.” Psychosexual Stages-Simply Psychology. N.p., 2008 Web 25 Oct 2013. .
Boeree, Dr. C. George “Erik Erikson.” Psychology Department at Suny Stony Brook University N.p., 2007. Web. 29 Oct 2013.
Erikson, Erik H. Childhood and Society. New York: Norton, 1950 Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on A Comparison Between Freud and Erikson

- Developmental psychology is an area of research dedicated to the understanding of child-development. Throughout history many theories have been used to attempt to explain the complex process. Two of those theorists, Freud and Erikson, were instrumental in creating a foundation for child-psychology to build on. From a Freudian perspective, human development is centered on psychosexual theory. Psychosexual theory indicates that maturation of the sex drives underlies stages of personality development....   [tags: Psychoanalytical Stages of Development]

Powerful Essays
1947 words (5.6 pages)

Erikson 's Stage, Industry Versus Inferiority Essay

- Erikson’s Stage 4; Industry versus Inferiority Erik Erickson was an ego psychologist who emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego. He developed a theory of psychosocial stages where he believed a crisis occurs at each of the eight stages of development. Erik Erikson was influenced by Sigmund Freud, who emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego, but unlike Freud, Erikson believed that the ego develops as a result of successfully resolving crises in eight distinct stages that expand a lifetime....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1338 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Stages

- On of the most recognizable names in all of psychology is Sigmund Freud. Although many of his psychoanalytic theories of personality have been highly criticized and even dismissed, his theories still influenced later psychologists. These theorists, were considered Neo-Freudians because many of their own theories were developed from Freud’s. Neo-Freudians agreed with Freud that childhood experiences play a role in personality development, but differed by putting less emphasis on sex, the unconscious mind, and instinctual drives....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
973 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Erik Erikson 's Development Of Life

- Performing a background evaluation on my client using the theories of Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, and Lawrence Kohlberg are an accurate assessment of what stage of life the client is experiencing. At some degree, it is a valuable tool in examining where a person’s life should exist at certain stages. It is a guideline to moving forward with a treatment and helping an individual lead a normal productive life as much as conceivable. Erik Erikson Psychosocial stages: Erikson remained very confident in his theories regarding the development of life....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Identity And Psychosocial Development

- Psychological Theory Theorists have expanded our knowledge of psychology, influenced one another to broaden, and built upon each other’s theories to develop their own. One theorist who has built upon previous theorists was Erik Erikson. Erikson developed an eight-stage theory of identity and psychosocial development, which has countless strengths and weaknesses. Erik Erikson was influenced by Freud and his concept of the ego. Erikson observed the impact of external factors on personality from not just childhood, but throughout the entire lifetime....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
747 words (2.1 pages)

Erikson’s End Stage of Development Essay

- As human beings age, according to Erik Erikson, they go through developmental stages that help to create and transform their personalities. If needs are met and the ego is gratified, then the individual is able to move on to the next challenge. Onward they march in life and in stage until they find the end level: integrity versus despair. This has been categorized as adults 65 years and older by Erikson. Here, people are to reminisce and judge their lives in terms of merit or disappointment. Erikson himself had a lot to comb through in his later years....   [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development]

Powerful Essays
1290 words (3.7 pages)

Erikson 's Stages Of Psychosocial Development Essay

- The ability to look back on one’s life and gain an understanding of what happened and why is not something that everyone is capable of or willing to do. However, considering the concepts that go along with developmental psychology in relation to one’s life allows for a new perspective to be gained by connecting concrete principles to lived experiences. Using this connection is necessary to understand and give context to one’s life. In reflecting on personal experiences with a focus on different concepts from developmental psychology, I gain a new interpretation of the past and present as well as some understanding of my future....   [tags: Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
1412 words (4 pages)

Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Personality Development Essay

- Erik Erikson, one of the most famous psychoanalysts in history, is praised for his well known theories of personality development. Much like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed in childhood being an essential period of personality growth that can be divided into stages. While Freud’s theories were psychosexual discoveries, Erikson 's theory details the impact of social behavior throughout one’s whole life. An important element in Erikson 's psychosocial stage theory is the adapted ego. The ego is the conscious sense of sense that is developed by social interaction....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

The Extraordinary Development Of Erin Robison Essay example

- The Extraordinary Development of Erin Robison Through out the years of studying human development there have been theories about the psychological stages or phases of development. Theorist saw that these psychological phases of development would then in turn affect a growing human’s physical, cognitive, and social development. Many theorist have become famous for their thoughts over the stages of human development, such as Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory, Erikson’s Neo-Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory, and Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1211 words (3.5 pages)

Erik Erikson Essay

- Erik Erikson was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. His father is said to have abandoned his family or died before Erickson was born. His mother remarried Theodore Homburger, the pediatrician who treated her during her pregnancy. In 1930 Erikson was wed to Joan Mowat Serson. They produced three children, Kai, John, and Sue. During this time he joined friends, Peter Blos and Dorothy Burlingham, Anne Freud’s colleague, in the development of a small children’s school in Vienna. This led to his training analysis being taught by Anne Freud, and lots a clinical work....   [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages]

Free Essays
434 words (1.2 pages)