The Stages Of Cognitive Development Essays

The Stages Of Cognitive Development Essays

Length: 1018 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

According to Piaget children go through 4 stages of cognitive development. The stages are; Sensorimotor stage (0-2 years), Preoperational thought (2-7 years), Concrete operations (7-11 years), Formal operations (11years and above). During the sensorimotor stage infants learn by using their senses, there is no abstract thinking. Object permanence which is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed and separation anxiety develop in this stage. Stranger anxiety develops at around 8 months which is an infant’s fear of strangers. Infants under two believe other people see the world like they do, this is called egocentrism, being unable to see that the environment looks different to someone else. Temperament is a concept used to describe an infant’s relatively stable patterns of interaction from very early life. The psychologists most recognized for looking into infant temperament are Thomas, Chess, and Birch. These researchers put infant temperament into 3 main styles; Easy babies, difficult babies and the slow-to-warm-up babies. Easy babies make about 40% and they are the babies who adjust easily to new environments. They are calm, happy, regular in sleeping and eating habits, adaptable, and not easily upset. Difficult babies make 10% of infants. They are slow to adjust to new experiences and are very likely to react negatively to stimuli. They are also fussy, irregular in feeding and sleeping habits, fearful of new people and situations, easily upset by noise and commotion, high strung, and intense in their reactions. Slow-to-warm-up babies make about 15% of infants and they are difficult at first adjusting but become easier over time. The remaining 35% are a combination.
According to Erikson...


... middle of paper ...


...onfused about what roles to play. Many adolescents try out different selves before settling into a consistent and comfortable identity. Peer approval is very important to them.

Adulthood
In Erikson’s theory commitment is stressed. The crisis during this life period is intimacy versus isolation. People begin to look for a person to share their life with or they isolate themselves from the social world. In middle adulthood the crisis is generativity versus stagnation. An important event during this crisis is parenting. Adults assume the role of parents signifying the need to continue the generations or avoiding this and becoming stagnant. The eighth stage is integrity versus despair. The elderly reflect on their life. Either they accept their accomplishments or feel despair over the goals not reached. They may ask themselves this question, “Have I lived a full life?”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The 's Stages Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Two characters that I choose for this assignment are a careless and impulsive character in this movie, John Bender, or known as “the criminal”, and a character that being known as a nerd, that is Brian Johnson, or known as “the brain”. In reference to Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, I categorized Bender and Brian in a formal operational stage, that is the final stage of the cognitive development stage. It is because, both of them shows characteristic of adolescent egocentrism. As for Bender, we can see that he had developed the sense of invulnerability because he had taken many physical risks and do not think about the consequences.** Besides that, in reference to Kohlberg’s stage...   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Strong Essays
1233 words (3.5 pages)

The Stages Of Cognitive Development Essays

- According to Piaget children go through 4 stages of cognitive development. The stages are; Sensorimotor stage (0-2 years), Preoperational thought (2-7 years), Concrete operations (7-11 years), Formal operations (11years and above). During the sensorimotor stage infants learn by using their senses, there is no abstract thinking. Object permanence which is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed and separation anxiety develop in this stage. Stranger anxiety develops at around 8 months which is an infant’s fear of strangers....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Strong Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

The Stages Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Piaget developed many processes to help us understand how children construct their knowledge of the world around them. Piaget broke up these process into stages that occur throughout life. Each stage grows to be more advanced as you continue to the next stage. The four stages of cognitive development are; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, and formal. During the sensorimotor stage infants learn how to understand the world through coordinating their sensory skills. This stage occurs from birth to about 2 years of age....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Strong Essays
1568 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Stages Of Cognitive Development

- Introduction Development theories abound from Erik Erikson’s eight stages of personality, Sigmund Freud’s components of personality and the psychosexual stages, Lawrence Kohlberg’s moral development, Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, to Lev Vygotsky’s theory of social constructivism regarding the development of human beings from birth to adulthood. However, it is striking that the focus is placed on what seems to be normal progression and development....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Strong Essays
1084 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Piaget 's Stages Of Cognitive Development

- Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development How human children’s intelligence develops as they go through their adolescent stages in their early life has been a wonder to many researches and theorists. Jean Piaget is a stage theorists which means that he believes that there are a series of four main qualitatively different periods (or stages) that children go through in a certain and stable order and that any information or experiences that they gain in one stage is going to stay with them and prepare them for their next one....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Strong Essays
1848 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Stages Of A Child 's Cognitive Development

- Piaget outlined and came to the conclusion that there are four stages to a child’s cognitive development. These four separate stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. During this paper, I will break down each stage into more depth and give a teaching tool for children in that age group and developmental stage to help them better understand the concept of time and explain why it would be helpful for the child. Stage one is the sensorimotor which lasts from a child’s birth until they are about two years old....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Strong Essays
1345 words (3.8 pages)

Sensorimotor and Pre-Operational Stages of Cognitive Development Essays

- When a parent is knowledgeable about the stages of development their child goes through, they are better able to address the child’s needs, help them the child in their physical as well as cognitive development. help them to grow into healthy and successful adults, and to identify any needs they may have. In terms of childcare, when choosing the quality care their infant and toddler should receive, parents will know the right questions to ask when deciding on where to place their child and be able to discuss any problems or delays the toddler may have with the caretaker....   [tags: cognitive development, jean piaget's theory]

Strong Essays
1513 words (4.3 pages)

The Key Aspects Of Cognitive And Cognitive Development During These Stages

- There are eight life stages in a human lifespan; however in this essay I’m only going to identify five. I’m also going to identify the key aspects of cognitive and behavioural development during these stages. I’m also going to explain social work intervention at each life stage and explore the need for it. Birth & infancy 0-3years Cognitive development - From birth a baby should be able to cry when in need of attention. Babies should also blink in reaction to bright light and be able to follow movements of objects....   [tags: Social work, Sociology, Old age]

Strong Essays
1489 words (4.3 pages)

Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development: The First Stage Essay

- The first stage is called the Sensorimotor stage. It occupies the first two years of a child's life, from birth to 2 years old. It is called the Sensorimotor stage because in it children are occupied with sensing things and moving them. From these activities they learn what makes things happen, what the connections are between actions and their consequences. They learn to grasp and hold and what happens when they let go.      This happens later on in the stage. When they are new-born they have no concept of there being anything else apart from themselves in the world....   [tags: Cognitive Development]

Strong Essays
516 words (1.5 pages)

Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Essay

- Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Very briefly describe Piaget’s stages of cognitive development and explain what he meant by saying that young children are egocentric. Use experimental evidence to consider this claim. Cognitive development is what psychologists talk about when discussing a child’s intellectual growth. Jean Piaget (1896 to 1980), a Swiss psychologist developed a theory of cognitive development, which is still much discussed and critiqued today. Providing a firm building block to all work done in the study of child development and the concept that young children are egocentric....   [tags: child's intellectual growth]

Strong Essays
1581 words (4.5 pages)