Sports is Warfare by Peaceful means Essay

Sports is Warfare by Peaceful means Essay

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Sports are described as a ritualized warfare where one team competes with another, each athlete striving to defeat an opponent (Schultz et al., 32). It is part of an effort to promote global peace and contribute to the search for peaceful solutions to the conflicts around the world. Sports can therefore be considered a universal language and tool to promote peace, tolerant and understanding by bringing people together. As a result values such as teamwork, discipline, respect for opponent and rules of the game are understood.2 I will examine the assertion that sports is considered warfare by peaceful means. This isn’t to be confused with the insertion that sports are peaceful warfare. By peaceful means I am referring to a state of harmony and mutual agreement between two or more parties. Using the Olympic Games as an example I will argue that it does have aspect of warfare. However Olympics doesn’t promote camaraderie which inhibits hostility because of factors such as the politics of choosing an Olympic host, cultural and economic exchange creating greater disparities and the role powerful nations play on worldview while reinforcing colonial ideologies.
Politics has been inseparable from the modern Olympic Games since the decision in 1894 to revive the Games after a fifteen-year lapse (Hill, p.5). Olympic events permit encounters on “neutral” territory where aggression can be “controlled” and regulated.2 I would argue that there isn’t a neutral territory since there’s a home team advantage. Nearly every celebration of the Games was marked by animosity or worse (Hill, p.35). For example, 1968 saw a massacre by the Mexican government of young people who thought the Games a waste of money (Hill, p.36). In 1976 numerous African ...


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...ort/peace (accessed Mar.14, 2014).

4. “Sochi 2014: Gay rights protests target Russia’s games”, BBC Europe, February 5, 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26043872 (accessed Mar.14, 2014).
Bruckner, Markus, Evi Pappa
2013 News shocks in the data: Olympic Games and their macroeconomic effects
http://www.eui.eu/Personal/Pappa/Papers/olympics15March2013.pdf

Hill, Christopher
1996 Olympic Politics Athens to Atlanta 1896-1996. Manchester: Manchester University Press

Jamieson, Lynn, Thomas, Orr
2009 Sports and Violence A Critical Examination of Sport. UK: Elsevier.

Keefer, Robert, Jeffrey, Goldstein, David, Kasiarz
1983 Olympic Games participation and Warfare. New York: Springer
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4612-5530-7_11#page-1
Schultz, Emily, Robert Lavenda, and Roberta Dods
2012 Cultural Anthropology. Ontario: Oxford University Press

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