Religion is an important aspect on studies of early mental health practice. Religion is important to as many as 75% of the population, more profound and relevant with people over 65 years of age and older (Richards and Bergin, 1997). Religion plays a pivotal role on older adults, it becomes part of their identity and personality (Koenig, Siegler & George, 1989). According to Koenig (1989), religion incorporates people’s rituals, beliefs, and practices pertaining to the “transcendent.” Which means, these beliefs relates to the supernatural and mystical elements of the world (Koenig, Siegler & George, 1989). Religion is always practiced within a community, group, or cult. Religion is often organized and it incorporates beliefs, rules and regulations on the afterlife. Religion is unique in a sense that binds people in a community, who share the same beliefs and sentiments in solidarity. Religion could be measured relating the mental, physical, and emotional outcomes with humans who are believers of the supernatural world.
Introduction on Spirituality
Spirituality is considered more independent and open freely to the public. Unlike religion, not organized. It doesn’t follow the Bible for rules, regulations, such as the Ten Commandments. Everyone has their own unique and special interpretation of what spirituality means to them. Considered vague by many researchers because the meaning of spirituality is constantly changing. Spirituality is very diverse because it doesn’t only pertain to a belief in one God, it could relate to having an appreciation for nature, such as trees as a spiritual journey. Many people believe in different aspects of the afterlife. In some cultures, sun, rain, horses and pigs are...
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...l of Contemporary Social Services, 85, 36–44.
• Hugen, B. (2001). Spirituality and religion in social work practice: A conceptual model. In M. Hook, B. Hugen, & M. Aguilar (Eds.), Spirituality within religious traditions in social work practice (9–17). Pacific Grove, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
• Koenig, H., Siegler, I., & George, L. (1989). Religious and non-religious coping: Impact on adaptation in later life. Journal of Religion & Aging, 5(4), 73–94.
• Koenig HG, McCullough ME, Larson DB: Handbook of Religion and Health. Oxford University Press, NY, USA (2001).
• Plante, T., & Sharma, N. (2001). Religious faith and mental health outcomes. In T. G. Plante & A. C. Sherman (Eds.), Faith and health (240–261). New York: Guilford.
• Richards, P., & Bergin, A. (1997). A spiritual strategy for counseling and psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
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