a. List and describe the eight causes of hearing loss (3pts each = 24 pts).
Genetic Causes -
Pre, Peri, and Postnatal - Takes place during gestation, during birth or after birth. Baby is exposed to some type of toxin, such as drugs, bacteria or viruses that causes hearing loss. Drugs used for treatments, or extremely low birth weight.
Infections - Infections that take place during the pregnancy, infancy or childhood can all cause hearing loss.
Ototoxic medication - Types of medications that are “toxic to the hearing mechanism” and that are used to treat specific infections and/or cancer, can lead to hearing loss.
Middle Ear Disease - Accumulation of fluids in the middle ear that causes a type of infection can may cause hearing loss.
Trauma - A traumatic brain injury may cause hearing loss as it may affect the cochlea.
Noise Exposure - Individuals who are frequently exposed to loud noises may subsequently have hearing loss.
Syndromes Associated with Intellectual Disabilities - Genetic conditions associated with some intellectual disabilities, such as Down 's Syndrome can lead to higher chances of hearing loss.
b. Describe the signs of hearing loss for a child from 3 months of age to 17 months (10 pts).
A deaf baby between the ages of three to four months demonstrates cooing and laughing like typical peers. The babbling that usually takes places around 6 months of age may be nonexistent, minimized or may only take place later than typical infants. Babbling may also not expand at the same rate or may not show sign of association to actual words. At the age of five to seventeen months comprehension of the baby’s ...
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... the school years he or she is likely to fall behind in other subjects when compared to typical students.
If early intervention takes place the student will start working on his/her education between the ages of one to three years old. This helps better prepare the student to start school around the age of four. It’s estimated that approximately ⅔ of all Deaf students attend schools for the Deaf, regular schools but are placed in special classes for the Deaf, and or are mainstreamed in a regular classroom for part or the entire day. Most programs emphasize the importance of communication and language skills, and class sizes are usually small in order to allow sufficient time to address these skills with each student. As the student starts secondary education the focus will shift, and they will start to be prepared for the workforce or to acquire higher education.
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