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At the turn of the twentieth century, many interventions for students with speech and language disorders began in the public schools. After the passing of public law 94-142, these mandated students began to receive speech services in public schools. When speech therapist began servicing students it was in large groups. Unfortunately, due to meeting the needs of the individual students there was a decrease in teacher caseloads.
In reading the text, there are many definitions associated with the field of speech and language disorders. The term speech and language disorder is used to identify all disorders that fall under this category. IDEA uses the term speech and language impairments. This term defines having communication disorders such as stuttering, articulation problems, and language or voice impairments that can affect a child’s education. In some states, students can receive speech as a special education with related services without having another disability. However in other states, if a student qualifies for speech services they only receive speech and do not qualify for special education and its related services.
There are many characteristics that are used to identify students with speech and language disorders. As described in the text, a speech disorder involves deficits in the areas of voice, resonance, articulation, or fluency. Children that have voice disorders usually have difficulty with pitch, intensity, vocal quality, or resonance. Students that have speech and language disorders may have characteristics such as hearing impairments, cognitive or intellectual disabilities.
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Finally in reading the text, it is important that parents participate with teachers and therapist to help their child be successful. Parents are the primary foundation to students and their development of speech. It is important that parents interact with their children and model correct speech and language practices. In my school we have students that speak English as a second language that have some speech delays. Many of these students usually with teacher and speech therapist collaboration develop as normal. A trend that is influencing the field of speech and language disorders is distinguishing between language disorders and language differences. There are many cultures now in the United States and many cultures have language differences that cause for different developments in speech.