Speech Analysis : ' The Apology ' Essay

Speech Analysis : ' The Apology ' Essay

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The speech title may be deceiving to the eye, this speech isn’t even an apology, and it’s more of defense speech. Socrates uses the speech to defend his accusations against him. In the story, “The Apology” Socrates is on trial for accusation like, “corrupting the youth” and “impiety.” Through this following essay, I would like to convey the following: what Socrates means by knowledge or wisdom and why he thought that knowledge/wisdom was the best means of happiness and perfecting the soul, what kind of knowledge is the best, how did he react to the oracle, and what we thought about his accusations in the court and do we think he deserved his punishment.
Socrates defines knowledge as, acknowledging the limits of one’s own knowledge. In “the Apology”, Socrates defines it as, knowing that he knows nothing, “I know that I know nothing.” When he was questioning the politicians, he found out they were very wise, they didn’t know much of anything. Then, the poets seemed to be incapable of explaining their great works of genius. Socrates came to the conclusion that their genius didn’t come from their wisdom, but from their instinct or inspiration which is no way connected to their intellect. Many bystanders take Socrates to be an expert in the fields, in which he questions others, he denies of any expertise, and interprets the oracle as saying that the wisest of men are men like Socrates who humbly accept that their wisdom is deficient. He claimed he is wise, in the limited sense of having human wisdom.” It is still debatable whether Socrates believed humans, as opposed to gods like Apollo, could actually become wise. On the other hand, he drew a fine line between human’s ignorance and ideal knowledge. Socrates believes that “the unexamin...


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...ng” because he was just sharing his wisdom/knowledge with others and hoping they understand his point. In today’s day, if someone thought outside the box and shared their opinions on thoughts they are encouraged and given support to prove their point. The charges that were put on Socrates unacceptable in today’s day, but they were acceptable in a democracy of the Athenian type. The accusations were brought by amateur prosecutors before a jury. Instead of taking this trial seriously, Socrates first joked that he should be rewarded and eventually said, “insert quote”, when suggested a fine that was far too small. Unfortunately, the jurors didn’t see the funny side and passed the death sentence by a greater majority. Instead of fleeing, he accepted the verdict, claiming that “he owed it to the city under whose laws he had been raised to honor those laws to the letter.”

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