“Specialized courts differ from traditional courts in that they focus on one type of offense or offender. Usually the judge plays an intensive supervisory role. Other criminal justice components (e.g., probation) and social services agencies (e.g., drug treatment) are involved and collaborate closely in case processing.” (Office of Justice Programs [OJP], 2008). High statistical correlations between offenders may demonstrate a need or possibility of specialized courts. These courts focus on the underlying issues behind the offending and try to cure it at it’s roots (NIJ, 2008). There are a variety of specialty courts such as drug, domestic violence, and restorative justice.
Drug courts are, as the title states, for offenders with drug problems. The participants chosen for this method agree to terms of treatment, drug testing, and counseling. Their participation can lower their sentences and sanctions or even drop the charges against them completely. Supervision is used to monitor the offender’s participation in the various programs they are assigned, while also verifying their abstinence from drug use through testing (National Criminal Justice Reference Service, 2011). According to the National Criminal Justice Reference Service website, in 2009, there were about 2,400 drug courts in the U.S. These courts are separated into smaller categories based on the age or circumstances of the offenders, such as juveniles, adults, families, veterans, and even college students (OJP, 2010).
Domestic violence is another area that the court has decided needs special focus. This issue is very sensitive and can create higher threats against the victims involved in the cases. The Judicial Oversight Demonstration (J...
... middle of paper ...
...er 2010). Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/topics/courts/drug-courts/welcome.htm
In the spotlight. (2011). National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/spotlight/drug_courts/Summary.html
Judicial oversight demonstration initiative. Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/jodi.htm
National report. (2009). Correctional Service of Canada. Retrieved March 14, 2010, from http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rj/rj2009/rep09-eng.shtml
Restorative justice. (2011). Restorative Justice Online. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from www.restorativejustice.org/
Specialized courts. (February 2008). Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/topics/courts/specialized-courts.htm
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Courts of healing justice are specialized courts that deal in specific types of offenders. The ones that will be covered here are juvenile courts, family courts, and drug courts. These courts keep these specific types of cases out of the general courts. Their goal is to try to heal the offender of what is causing them to offend instead of just locking them up. They are also referred to courts of second chance. These courts work with social services and law enforcement agencies to provide special attention to the offender’s problems (Kinsella, 2004).... [tags: juvenile court, family court, criminal justice sy]
765 words (2.2 pages)
- ... In my current career, it is my job to help rehabilitate youth offenders, so treatment and rehabilitation of the underlying issues that cause someone to commit crimes is very important to me. Traditionally, before drug courts, anyone charged with a crime went to traditional courts. These courts were not specialized and were “little more than revolving doors for specific classes of offenders” (Lynch, pg. 309-310). Traditional courts did little to address specific issues of offenders and instead are more focused on sentencing an individual and moving on to the next.... [tags: crime, drug, rehabilitation]
527 words (1.5 pages)
- Juvenile Drug Courts Drugs and our youth, the numbers are rising. More and more children today are using drugs without their parents knowing. What happens when they get caught. It all depends on who caught them. If it is the parents, usually a big punishment. If it is law enforcement they may have to appear in front of drug courts specialized to handle juvenile cases. Sometimes the parents may even turn them in, just for the treatment and help these special courts can offer. The juveniles are then referred to juvenile drug courts for help.... [tags: Papers]
1794 words (5.1 pages)
- Drug Courts came about as a result of a backlogged court system and a steady, rapidly increasing prison population. Drug courts are a form of diversion that helps the offender through rehabilitation and the community through an increased sense of protection, which serves the best interest of everyone. Drug Courts are community based intermediate sanctions that incorporate treatment principles into the Criminal Justice System and divert drug offenders from traditional punishments of probation and prison.... [tags: Drugs Drug Court Essays ]
1877 words (5.4 pages)
- The jurisdiction of the federal courts is defined in Article III, Section 2, of the Constitution, as extending in law and equity to all cases arising under the Constitution and federal legislation; to controversies to which the U.S. shall be a party, including those arising from treaties with other governments; to admiralty and maritime cases; to controversies between states; to controversies between a state, or its citizens, and foreign governments or their subjects; and to controversies between the citizens of one state and citizens of another state.... [tags: essays research papers]
1052 words (3 pages)
- Walker cites the National Academy of Sciences stating that rehabilitation is “any planned intervention that reduces an offender’s further criminal activity (Walker 251).” Walker breaks down rehabilitation models into two groups, the new and the old groups. The new groups that Walker suggests may have some positive hope are reentry programs, and drug courts. The old groups include probation, parole, and other reintegration programs. Worrall has a similar definition of rehabilitation, stating that “rehabilitation consist of a planned intervention intended to change behavior (Worrall 40).... [tags: Legal Issues, Drug Courts, Probation]
847 words (2.4 pages)
- The civil courts from time to time infringed upon the jurisdiction of Syariah Courts before Article 121(1A) of the Federal Constitution was modified by the Constitution (Amendment) Act 1988 (Act A704) which came into force on 10 June 1988. The infringement by the civil court upon the jurisdiction of the Syariah Courts caused vast concern among those interested or involved in the management of Islamic Law. A committee lead by Tan Sri Syed Nasir Ismail was established by the government to look into the position of Syariah Courts and urge measures to raise their status.... [tags: Federal Constitution, civil courts]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- China has a long history of language reformation, where the Chinese language becomes one of the most successful and radical amendments for the whole nation to adopt several changes along the way. In this essay, a discussion of major components in the language reform, specifically the Mandarin language, in China will be explored with the social, culture, and political issues that have influence the changes. A history and pattern of language used in China- starting from the days of language in the imperial court, to the communist revolution during Mao’s regime, until the language and speech pattern in the twenty first century era- will be explored throughout the essay.... [tags: mandarin, imperial courts, political power]
1954 words (5.6 pages)
- The court historically has heard an average of 700 cases monthly. However, over the past few years the number of cases filed has doubled. In most cases, the efficiency of the courts allowed final case disposition within a month. Current backlogs in court hearings exceed two months. Cases sometimes take up to three months for final disposition. Because of the perpetual problem with hearing backlogs, judges wish to reconsider the present mixed calendar system. Six judges rotate between hearing criminal and civil cases on a monthly basis.... [tags: caseloads, courts, USA,]
1699 words (4.9 pages)
- This case study is about “Specialized Bicycle Components Inc.” known as Ride the Red “S”. Specialized was founded in 1974 by Mike Sinyard. According to Chris Murphy, director of marketing for Red “S”, specialized is for serious riders. He says, “The customer is buying the ride from us, not just the bike.” The company began to produce its own bike parts by 1976, and introduced the first major production mountain bike in the world in 1980. Specialized now has an extensive global distribution network of 5000 retailers in 35 countries in Asia, North America, South America, and Australia.... [tags: Business Analysis]
1279 words (3.7 pages)