Special Education Essay

Special Education Essay

Length: 2162 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

According to the democratic theory postulated by Amy Gutmann, citizens should be entitled to make rules that govern educational policies at national levels. These policies should reflect the ongoing scrutiny of the liberal principles of nonrepression (education may not proscribe deliberation pertaining to any particular set of rational ideas) and
nondiscrimination (parents nor educators may espouse practices that may deter children from partaking in a democratic education). Importantly, the discretional power of these citizens should be constrained by those fundamental principles of nondiscrimination and nonrepression. The realm of special education and its historical background in conjunction with the many facets of nondiscrimination should be the focal point. Thus, it is my hope that this paper will give students, parents, and educators the knowledge and insight into the issues i.e. court cases, which surround nondiscrimination and its key ideologies in the domain of special education reform.
To understand how special education reform emerged, we need to bethink some of the first federal laws of the United States that were designed to assist people with disabilities. Specifically, there was a federal law passed by the Fifth Congress dating back to 1798. This law authorized a Maine Hospital Service later known as the Public Health Service to bestow medical services to disabled sailors (Braddock, 1987). Unfortunately, up until World War II there were only a paltry number of federal laws able to assist persons with disabilities. Only war veterans with service-related disabilities were allowed assistance (NICHY, 1997). This purported that, for nearly all of United States history, institutions i.e. schools were permitted to...


... middle of paper ...


...cided in its ruling that all students including those with disabilities be provided a publicly supported education. The court also adjured that the board of education allocate its funds equitably so that all children receive a free and appropriate education. Lastly, the court ordered the board to provide due process safeguards in the event the school attempt to alter a child’s educational status i.e. reassignment, transfers, suspension, and expulsion.
In response to the seminal cases elucidated above, specifically PARC and Mills and impending litigation, Congress began passing new laws to further augment the rights of those students with disabilities. These new laws, most notably, utilized many of the legal principles that were integrated in those preceding suits insofar that students would be entitled a free and appropriate public education.






Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Special Education Becoming Less Special?

- Imagine a classroom in a typical high school; a teacher is explaining a lesson in Algebra. All of a sudden, there is an ear-splitting screech from the back of the classroom and a book goes hurling towards the chalkboard. One’s first instinct would be to whip around and see what the commotion was about; however, it is just Toby, the special needs child. This class encounters outbursts like this from Toby nearly everyday. The mainstreaming of special education students is the main reason behind these disruptions....   [tags: Special Education ]

Strong Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Special Education Policies And Procedures

- Over the course of several years there have been several critical court cases that have completely transformed the way that special education policies and procedures are implemented into the classroom. These court cases have given rights, protection, and opportunities to those with disabilities that were not readily available before. The most important court cases that affected special education were Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas; Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v....   [tags: Special education]

Strong Essays
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Family Collaboration in Special Education

- From the first day a child is born, parents are there to nurture their child, to support them as they grow and develop. There is a lot to learn about raising a child under normal circumstances, but when a child has special needs parents must learn this whole new language of medical and special education terms (Overton, 2005). Parents enter this new world where navigating for the best interest of their child is riddled with challenges and obstacles that they need to somehow overcome. This is especially true when parents are dealing with the special education program in their child’s school....   [tags: Special Education]

Strong Essays
1017 words (2.9 pages)

Special Education : Statement Of Interest In Special Education Essay

- Statement of Interest in Special Education A conversation in my driveway with a close friend over three years ago made me consciously aware of the difficulties parents with children having disabilities face every day, as well as the common misconceptions about educating students with special needs. Education improves life, and everyone needs equal access to it. It is also well known that there is an issue with overrepresentation or underrepresentation and disproportionality of certain minority groups including English Language Learner (ELL), in special education....   [tags: Education, Special education]

Strong Essays
868 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Special Education Is A Type Of Education

- Special education is a type of education that caters for students who need special needs. There are different types of special needs that are federally recognized in schools around the United States and they are Autism, Deafness, Emotional Disturbance, Hearing impairment Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Orthopedic Impairment, Other Health Impaired, Specific Learning Disability, Speech or Language Impairment, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Visual Impairment. The goal of Special Education is to provide excellent education despite students’ disabilities holding them back....   [tags: Special education, Disability]

Strong Essays
1319 words (3.8 pages)

History of Special Education Essay

- History of Special Education Introduction Special education has faced many changes during the last century. During this time there have been many opinions on the way students with differences should be taught and treated. This paper will discuss the history of special education during the twentieth century. We will also discuss the laws associated with Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Finally we will discuss the current and future challenges that the laws have on special education....   [tags: Special Education]

Strong Essays
1546 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Description Of The Artifact Of Special Education

- Description of the Artifact: Artifact 1: For Artifact 1, under Tab F: Professional Learning and Practice, the Staff Development Project for ELAD 6423 Special Education Law, was completed. To complete the assignment, I created and conducted a staff development meeting concerning the disciplinary actions for special education students. To create the power point presentation, I used the information gathered in the Module 4 assignment which discussed the legal issues for behavior management of special needs students....   [tags: Special education, Education, Special needs]

Strong Essays
1326 words (3.8 pages)

Essay On Special Education

- Special Education Reform Over the past century, there have been many changes in general education as well as special education. These changes come as a result of federal education initiatives, in an effort to change the quality of primary and secondary education. The intent of special education is to help children with unique needs to successfully develop to their fullest academic and social potentials. The Individuals with Disabilities Act 2004 (IDEA) made a large impact on education for students with special needs....   [tags: Special education]

Strong Essays
1167 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Special Needs For Special Education

- Children with special needs in the United States are being underprivileged at a massive rate. More schools across the country are lowering their special education funding as well as eliminating programs altogether. It is a problem that has to be changed now, or children with special needs may not be as educated as they could possibly be in the future. Special needs education needs to be more funded, more involved, and implemented in more schools and universities around the country. Special education is vital and necessary to children in this country because they deserve the same educational privileges and advantages of being educated in their country just as children without special needs do...   [tags: Education, Special education, Resource room]

Strong Essays
896 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Special Education Information

- When searching the web for legal information in special education, it often seems as if though much of the information is geared towards parents. When searching for answers for the litigation case that is currently going on at my school, with parents, I often find it hard to find any information to help the school. There is a lot of information out there to help parents and when reading through the articles on the WETA television website, I have once again come across information geared towards the parents....   [tags: special education]

Strong Essays
1224 words (3.5 pages)